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Published with the approbation of the Board of Trustees 

Vol. XVI.— No. 129.] 


[Price, 10 Cents. 


Professor Sylvester died in London, March 15, 1897. He was the Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics in the Johns Hopkins University from its foundation 
till 1883. He was the first editor of the American Journal of Mathematics, 
and one of the principal contributors to the early volumes of these Circulars. 
The numbers of the Circulars from 1879-1883 contain numerous and 
valuable notes from him. 

The following biographical sketch is reprinted from Nature, London, 
March 25. It is written by Major P. A. MacMahon, of the Koyal Artil- 
lery, Professor in the Artillery College at Woolwich, a friend of Professor 
Sylvester, and a conspicuous contributor to the same field of mathematical 

By Major MacMahon, R. A. 

He is dead, and it becomes a sad duty to give a brief account of his long 
life and great work. 

Born in London September 3, 1814, he was the youngest but one of 
seven children of Abraham Joseph Sylvester. Three sisters lived for 
many years at Norwood, and of his three brothers two, Frederick and 
Joseph, lived for the most part in America, whilst George resided at 

He obtained his early education at private schools in London ; thence 
he went to the Liverpool Institution, and in 1837 graduated at St. John's 
College, Cambridge, as Second Wrangler. The first five names in the 
Mathematical Tripos of the year are Griffin, Sylvester, Brnmell, Green, 
Gregory. It is astonishing to think that Green, of immortal memory, has 
been dead for nearly fifty years ! Sylvester was keenly disappointed at his 
failure to be senior of the year. He was always of an excitable disposition, 
and it is currently reported that, on hearing the result of the examination, 
he was much agitated. Being of the Jewish persuasion, he was unable 
to take his degree at Cambridge, but later he obtained a degree at the 
University of Dublin. On leaving Cambridge he at once commenced the 
long series of mathematical papers, which he was to contribute to scientific 
periodicals all over the world, by the publication, in vol. xi. of the Philo- 
sophical Magazine, of an analytical development of Fresnel's optical theory 
of crystals. 

This was followed by some articles upon subjects of applied mathematics, 
and it was not until 1839 that he brought his intellect to bear upon the 
analysis of continuous and of discontinuous quantity, departments of pure 

mathematics which well-nigh monopolised his attention for the remainder 
of his life. He was appointed Professor of Natural Phil phy at Univer- 
sity College. London, and Liter on held the post of Professor of Mathematics 
in the University of Virginia. He returned to England in the year 1 - 1", 
and the first period of his scientific career may be said to have cl< 

had published some thirty paper-, and was already well known in both 
hemispheres as an original and imaginative man of science. The sub- 
jects dealt with comprise "Dialylic .Method of Algebraical Elimination," 
"Sturm's Functions," "Criteria for Determining the Roots of Numerical 
Equations," "The Calculus of Forms" (afterwards known as the 
of Invariants"). "The Equation in Integers At* -f 11,/ -|- C 
The latter problem was a favourite subject of thought throughout his life, and 
the first problem in the theory of numbers that he attacked. The theory of 
invariants sprang into existence under the stmng hand of Cayley, but that 
it emerged finally a complete work of art, for the admiration of future 
generations of mathematicians, was largely owing to the flashes of inspira- 
tion with which Sylvester's intellect illuminated it. The nomenclature 
of the theory is almost entirely due to him. The words "invariant," 
"covariant," "Hessian," "discriminant," " contravariant," ■* combinants," 
"commutant," "concomitant," are a few of tho-e introduced by him at this 
time, which have been part of the stock-in-l radeof mathematicians i ver since. 

A beautiful theory of the rotation of a ri^i.l body about a fixed point, 
after Poinsot, should be mentioned. It is one of the few papers that he 
wrote on dynamics. 

For ten years after his return from Virginia he was occupied with a firm 
of actuaries. He founded the Law Reversionary Interest Society, and also 
accomplished a considerable amount of mathematical research. In 1853 
appeared his first important memoir in the Philosophical Transactions of the 
Koyal Society, bearing the title, "< >n a theory of the syzygetic relations of 
the rational integral functions, comprising an application to the theory of 
Sturm's functions and that of the greatest algebraical common measure." 
This is a masterly exposition, covering 170 quarto pag< s. 

In 1855 he was appointed Professor of Mathematics at the Royal Mili- 
tary Academy, Woolwich. This was;- • 5 the work of an 
was manifestly unsuitable, and had indeed been most distasteful to him. 
He held this professorship for fifteen years. It was a time of great activity. 
Year by year his fame increased, and recognition by foreign academies was 
liberally bestowed. In addition ti ntinual work at the theory of invari- 
ants, he laboured at some of the most difficult questions in the theory of 

Cayley had reduced the problem of invariant enumeration to that of the 
partition of numbers. Sylvester may lie said to have revolutionised this 
part of mathematics by giving a complete analytical solution of the problem, 
which was in effect to enumerate the solutions in positive integers of the 
indeterminate equation — 

ax + by -f cz 

+ ld: 



[No. 129. 

Thereafter he attacked the similar problem connected with two such 
simultaneous equations (known to Euler as the Problem of the Virgins), 

and was partially and considerably successful. Iu June, 1859, he de- 
livered a series of seven lectures on compound partition in general al Sing's 
College, London. The outlines of these lectures, printed at thi 
distribution amongst bis audience, are now being published for the first 
time by tin- London Mathematical Society. He was assisted in the prepa- 
ration of these lectures by Captain (now Sir Andrew) Noble, with whom 
from that time forth he was in sympathetic friendship. 

The year 1864 may be regarded as the time of bis greatest intellectual 
achievement, which caused him to be considered as one of the foremost of 
living mathematicians. < >n April 7, 1864, he read a paper before the Royal 
Society of London, bearing the title " Algebraical B itaining a 

disquisition on Newton's rule for the discovery of imaginary roots, and an 
allied rule applicable to a particular class of equations, together with a 
complete invariantive determination of the character of the roots of the 
general equation of the fifth degree, &c." In the "Arithmetics Univer- 
salis," Newton gave a rule for discovering an inferior limit to the number 
of imaginary roots in an equation of any degree, but without demon 

Neither did he give any indication of the mental pi - by which he was 

led i" conji dure the truth of the rule, nor did be set forth the evidence 
upon which ii rests. For years the question of proving or disproving the 
rule bad been a crux of the science. Euler, Waring, Maclaurin and 
Campbell were amongst those who sought in vain to unravel the mystery. 
The only step that bad been gained was to Bhow that if any n< gative terms 
occur in the quadratic elements involved in the statement, there must be 
some imaginary roots. This, however, was not a great step, as a slight 
consideration renders it apparent. Sylvester, in the paper quoted, estab- 
lished the validity of the rule for algebraical equations as far a> the fifth 
degree inclusive. The method employed wis that of" infinitesimal substi- 
tution," which he himself initiated, and had previously employed in an 
essay, "On the Theory of Forms," in the Cambridge and Dublin Mail 
Journal. It proceeded upon the principle that every finite linear substitu- 
tion may be regarded as the result of an indefinite number of simple and 
Separate infinitesimal variations impressed upon the variables. He also 
discussed the probability of the specific superior limit to the number of real 
roots in a superlinear equation equalling any assigned integer. This valu- 
able me ir contained only a small instalment of the desired result. It was 

not till the following year — 1865 — that he fully established and generalised 
the conjectured theorem of Newton. On June 19, be communicated the 
of his discoveries to the Mathematical Society of London, Prof, de 
Morgan being in the chair as its first president ; and on the following June 
28 he gave a public lecture in King's College, London, taking as his title, 
" I in an elementary proof and generalisation of sir Isaac Newton's hitherto 
undemonstrated rule for the discovery of imaginary roots." Sylvester's fame 
with posterity will, perhaps, be principally associated with this yreat intel- 
lectual triumph. It may be observed that, subsequent to the demonstration, 
Dr. J. R. Young claimed to have proved Newton's rule twenty yean before. 
Sylvester contested this assertion in a characteristic manner, and mathema- 
ticians are, I think, in agreement that he showed it to be without basis. He 
always wrote well and with considerable power of expression ; but, perhaps, 
he was- strongest when attempting to demolish any one who questioned or 
denied his claim to priority in a particular mathematical discovery. In the 
case in point he wrote: ''It is such stuff as dreams are made of, and culmi- 
nating as it does in a palpable petitio prineipii do a il m d a detailed refu- 
tation at the bands of the author of this lecture. It is not l.y such vague 
rhetorical processes, but by quite a different kind of mental toil, that the 
truths of science are won, or a way opened to the inner recesses of the 

When the Lritish Association for the Advancement of Scien 
Exeter, in 1801), Sylvester was the President of the Mathematical and 
Physical Section. Huxley had recently written in 1/ . > 
"Mathematical training is almost purely deductive. The mathematician 
starts with a few simple propositions the proof of which i- SO obvious that 
they are called self-evident, and the rest of his work consists of subtle 
deductions from them;" and again, in the Fortnightly Review: " Mathe- 
matics is that study which knows nothing of observation, nothin 
inent, nothing of induction, nothing of causation.'' Ii may be safely said 
that any man engaged constantly in mathematical research would find no 

difficulty in refuting these statements to the satisfaction of any representa- 
tive body of scientific men. Sylvester devoted a considerable portion of 
ing Huxley's statements, and put in a 
powerful ami eloquent plea for mathematics as being a science of observation 

and experiment, and as affording a boundless scope for the exercise of the 
Sbrtt of imagination and invention. Huxley, I believe, made no 
reply ; and I think there can be no doubt that, like many other remarkable 
men in other branches of science, he had no conception of the real nature 
of the life-work of mathematicians of the high order to which Sylvester 
belonged. Amongst other matters in his address, he remarks upon the 
extraordinary longevity of the masters of mathematics. Amongst these 
long-lived ones he himself now takes an honourable place. 

lie left Wo ilwich (for years he occasionally wrote from his house on the 
Common, n de plume "Lani Yieencis") in 1S70, and for some 

years was without a professorship. During this time he was much ii 
in the problems of link-motion and conversion of motion generally. He 
wrote several valuable papers, and invented the skew pnntigraph. The 
title of one of his papers of this period is characteristic — " Mode of con- 
struction and properties of a new sort of lady's fan, and on the expression 
of (lie cut I by any given system whatever of link work under 

the form of an irreducible determinant." 

He gave a Friday evening lecture at the Royal Institution, entitled "On 
Recent Discoveries in Mechanical Conversion of Motion." 

His acceptance, in the year 1876, of an invitation to become the first 
Professor of Mathematics in the new Johns Hopkins University at Balti- 
more, in Maryland, may he regarded as concluding the second period of 
his career. He could hardly expect to further increase his reputation, 
which was extraordinarily high, and most of the honours that can fall to 
the lot of a scientific man had long been in his possession. 

In Baltimore he booh founded the American Journal of Mathematics, and 
was surrounded by a knot of enthusiastic students, whose researches he was 
able to influence, and in some cases to entirely direct. His final investiga- 
tions in the theory of algebraic invariants, various questions in diophantine 
analysis, the i onstructive theory of partitions, the theory of universal algebra, 
and the commencement of his researches on differential invariants, were 
principally the outcome of his residence in Baltimore. He was assisted, 
followed tip, and frequently also inspired by his students in an ideal manner. 
Perhaps the most permanent impress he left on the path of American 
research was in the subject of universal algebra, the vigorous offspring of 
Cayley's memoir, of 1858, on matrices. He established the nomenclature 
of the subject and surveyed the unknown country. He showed the con- 
nection between linear transformation and quaternions, and further arrived 
easily at a generalisation of quaternions. Since then Taber, Metzler, and 
others in the New World, have made valuable additions to the theory. 

In 18S3 he was elected to succeed Henry J. Stephen Smith in the chair 
of the Savilian Professorship of Geometry at Oxford. His inaugural lecture 
was on the subject of differential invariants, termed by him reciprocants. 
This work was extensive and important, and its elaboration, with the able 
assistance of James Hammond, was the last valuable contribution he made 
to mathematics. With increasing age infirmities came upon him. He 
suffered from partial loss of sight and memory, and in 1892 he obtained 
permanent leave from his duties, and the University appointed a deputy 

Henceforth he lived for the most part in London, and was a familiar 
figure in the Atheneeum Club, bul he was never in good health. At intervals 
he would go down to Tunbridge Wells and live at the Spa Hotel, but he 
did no mathematical mirk, and his frame of mind was not happy. Early 
in 1896, his condition caused alarm to his friends. In August he quite 
suddenly became again interested in mathematical subjects, and this 
appeared to make him calmer and happier. On February 26, whilst work- 
ing at the theory of numbers, he had a paralytic stroke and never spoke 
again. lit- died peacefully at ;i.30 a.m. on Monday, March 15, 1S97, at 
5 Hertford Street, Mayfair. 

1 1, was not so voluminous as that of many of his great contempo- 
raries. It may amount to about 1 250 octavo pages and about 1550 quarto 
pages. Its quality, however, is of a very bigh order, as he always preferred 
to labour at difficult questions; problems which for centuries have been a 
challenge to the human intellect had an especial attraction for him. His 
last thoughts were concerning the distribution of the prime numbers; the 

April, 1897.] 



excellent paper in which he contracted TchebycherPs limits was a Bource 

of great satisfaction to him, and Bhortly before In- died he was hopeful of 

being able to pro ich-Euler conjecture that every even number 

can be partitioned into two primes; but in this he wa 

although he was able to narrow thi i in it d to i a 

ment <il" the supposed theorem. At one time he was int. rested in the con 

Btruction of tessellated pavements; om itic design wa 

the influence of liis friend • olonel Yelverton, put down in the hall of tlio 

Junior United Service Club in ( lharles Street, Haymarket. Som< 

it was unfortunately removed whilst the hall was undergoing repair. 

His writings an Bowery and eloquent. He was able to make the dullest 
Bubject bright, fresh, and interesting. His enthusiasm is evident in every 
line. Hi' would get quite close up to his Bubject, bo that everything else 
looked small in comparison, and for the time would think at 
others think that the world contained no finer matter for contemplation. 
His handwriting was had, and a trouble to his printers. His papers were 
finished with difficulty. No sooner was the manuscript in the 
hands than alterations, corrections, ameliorations and generalisations would 
suggest themselves to his mind, and every post would carry further directions 
to the editors and printers. His usual custom was to send early notice of 
his discoveries to the Academy of Sciences in Paris. Subordinate theorems 
he would despatch at once to the Educational Times. He frequently also 

made announcements in the columns of Natube. lie gave so i ly names 

to mathematics that he used playfully to speak of himself as the Mathe- 
matical Adam. It has been remarked by Professor Forsyth thai hedn w 
almost entirely upon Latin for new names, whilst Cayley as invariably drew 
upon ( Ireek. In 1870 he published "The Laws of Verse," dedicating it to 
Matthew Arnold. The composition of sonnets, hoth in English and Latin, 
was a relaxation that he much enjoyed; these have been, and no dotiht will 
be, criticised in other places. 

He was fond of billiards, whist and chess, lie liked occasionally going 
into the society of ladies, but was never married. 

He appears in the series of portraits of Scientific Worthies for the year 
1889, to the accompaniment of a sympathetic notice from the pen of Cayley. 
His portrait in oils, by Elmslie, was exhibited in the Royal Academy a few 
years ago, and now hangs in the hall of St. John's College, Cambridge. 
His physiognomy was striking, never failing to impress deeply at a first 
meeting. Latterly his appearance was venerable and patriarchal. 

In this short notice justice cannot be done to his character. His temper 
was somewhat quick on occasions, but he never cherished angry feelings 
beyond a very short time; he was anxious to forget and forgive. Only 
those who understood him were aware that anger or displeasure was with 
him a transient phenomenon, and that charitableness of feeling and kind- 
ness of heart were characteristics deeply engraved upon his nature. To 
vounger men he was sympathetic and generous. 

The revival of the mathematical reputation of England, dating from the 
Queen's accession to the throne, is to a large degree due to his genius; and 
those who were present on March 19, at the simple, yet impressive ceremony 
at the Jewish cemetery at Dalston, must have realised that one of the giants 
of the Victorian era had been laid to rest. The Royal Society and the 
London Mathematical Society were represented at the funeral by Prof. 
Michael Foster, Sec. R. S., Major MacMahon, R. A., F. R. S., Prof. Forsyth, 
F. R. S., Prof. Elliott, F. R. S., Dr. Hobson, F. R. S., Prof. Greenhill, 1 •'. R. S , 
Mr. A. B. Kempe, F. R. S., and Mr. A. H. Love, F. R. S. There were also 
present Prof. Turner and the Sub-Warden of New College, Oxford. 

P. A. MacMahon. 


At the ninth annual meeting of the American Physiological Society, held 
in Boston and Cambridge, December 29 and 30, 1896, Professor W. 11. 

Howell proposed the following resolution regarding the work of the late 
Professor II. N'cwcll Martin: — 

"The members of the American Physiological Society have heard with 
profound regret of the death of Professor II. Newell Martin. In com- 
memoration of his distinguished services, the Society adopts and places 
upon its official record the following expression of its appreciation and 
esteem. In the death of Professor Martin, the Society has lost a member 

to whom it owes an especial debt of gratitude. He was actively concerned 

nidation and organization, and during the critical period of its 

tory he gave much time and thought to its interests. He served 

for six years as its secretary and treas„ r ,. r , anr ] strove always with entbu- 

■ inning of an enterprise which he believed 

would foster the spirit of scientific research in physiology, and bring its 

■ kers into stimulating fellowehi| 
condition, and its prospei ;s of future usefulrj thai it is 

largely indebted to his wisdom and energy. In a broader held his influence 
upon the science of physiology ha- been deeply felt. His own splendid 
logy will have an enduring value, 
while the stimuli] , :l ||,| w ;n continue to 

be, an infl 

and research it untry. As an investigator and tea her he was dis- 

tinguished, not only by his originality and ability, but ly many noble 
traits of character. Hi- modesty, hi- genuine interest in all kinds of 
idy insistence upon the highest ideals of scientific 
inquiry, his chivalrous conception of the credit due to his fellow workers, 
and the generous sympathy an '.ay- felt and shown by him 

for the work of younger investigators, are some of the qualities which will 
endear his memory to those who wen he brought into 

intimate association with him as a teacher or as a friend." 

ling the resolution, said : — 
" Probably few of the younger members of the Society are aware of the 
great di la which we owe to ]ir. Martin for establishing the high standard 
which the Society has always maintained with regard to the qualifications 
of the members. It was always Dr. Martin's contention that a candidate 
for admission to our ranks should he required to demonstrate hi- I 
enlarge the bounds of our chosen science, and not merely to display an 
intere I in thi ubjeel ami an ability to teach text-book physiology to 
medical students. To his wise counsel in I hi- matter the present prosperity 
of the Society is, 1 think, largely to he attributed. 1 trust that the resolu- 
tion will he adopted, and placed upon the records of the Society." 
The resolution was unanimously adopted. 


The twenty-first anniversary of the Johns Hopkins University was cele- 
brated on Monday, February 22. The public exercises of the day were 
held in McCoy Hall. 

At eleven o'clock, the procession entered the hall. The President of the 
Trustees and of the University, accompanied by the ( iovernor of Maryland 
and the Mayor of Baltimore, the Chaplain and the Orator of the day, the 
Trustees, the Faculty, and invited guests headed the procession and were 
followed by the alumni and students. 

The exercises were opened with a chant, Benediclus, sung by a quartette. 

Prayer was offered by the Right Rev. Henry V. Satterlee, 1>. D., 1. 1.. D, 
Bishop of Washington. 

The hymn Lord of all being! throned afar, was sung by the assembly under 
the leadership of the University (ilee Club. 

The address of the day was then given by the Rev. Francis L. Patton, 
D. D., LL. D., President of Princeton University. His subject was "The 
Place which the Theistic Theory holds in Intellectual Inquiry." 

The object of the address was to show that all rational thought regarding 
the universe proceeds upon assumptions and presuppositions that arc es- 
sentially theistic. The place which the Concept of God has had in the 
thought of the world, as seen in the great constructive systems of philosophy; 
the forms which the theistic argument has taken in the hands of Aristotle, 
Anselm, Descartes, Kant; belief in God as the only possible means of pro- 
viding a rational basis for science, an intelligible end for history, an adequate 
authority for morality; the traditional arguments as affected by contempo- 
rary scientific and philosophical criticism; the points 
touched upon. The treatment was bo lucid and skillful, and the abstractness 
of the discussion was enlivened by such brilliant and telling wit, that the 
audience followed the reasoning with delight, and with profoui 

The degree of Doctor of Philosophy wat conferred on the following 
candidates: Samuel E. Forman (A. I'.., Dickinson College, 1887), who 
had followed advanced studies in history, historical jurisprudence, and 



[No. 129. 

economics, and whose thesis was on the career of Philip Freneau, the poet 
of the American Revolution, as a politician and publicist ; ( Juries Francis 
Woods, .Ir. (A. B., -Iidins Hopkins University, 1891), who had followed 
advanced studies in German, French and history, and whose thesis was 
entitled "The Relation of Wolfram von Eschenbach's Willehalm to its < >ld 
French Source, Aliscans." 

The University song Veritas Vm LiberabU was then Bung by the Glee Club. 

Dr. E. II. Spieker, as chairman of a committee of the present and former 
pupils of I ildersleeve, presented his portrait, painted by Mr. 

Louis ('. ('. Kricger of Baltimore, to the University. 

Dr. spieker, addressing the President of the University, spoke as follows : 

Daring the course of the present academic year the honored head of the 

department of Greek at this university, Professor Gildersleeve, attained 

his cloth birthday, having but a sbort time before completed a period of 

forty years of active service in the cause of classical philology : twenty 
years at the University Of Virginia and twenty at the Johns Hopkins 

On the morning of his birthday the committee which now stands hefore 

you, quietly and without ostentation, went to his room in McCoy Hall and 

■ I to him in the name of his present and former pupils an engrossed 

letter of -congratulation and good wishes, and at the same time informed 
him that those whom they represented, in honor of the important combi- 
nation of events in his life, desired to have his portrait painted and hung 
at some appropriate place in McCoy Hall. Had the decision rested with 
Professor Gildersleeve we feel sure that his natural modesty would have 
prevented our giving any publicity to the matter; but we believed that 
it was due to us and to him that the final act should he a public one, that 
all might know that we, who know him best, admire him most and love 
him best 

It is not our intention to pronounce a eulogy on the man; his record is 
open to all ; the educational and the educated world know it well. To us 
that record has ever heen a joy and an inspiration: as we have seen parts 
of it developing we have been made to feel that nature endowed him 
lavishly, making him a man most versatile; hut we have also learned that 
to natural endowments he added an infinite capacity for labor, for toil and 
application, which makes more men capahle than does nature. 

The portrait, sir, for which Professor Gildersleeve kindly consented to 
Bit, is now completed, and we take great pleasure in presenting it to you 
and through you to the Board of Trustees, with the request that you assign 
to it some fitting place on the walls of this building; that there it may 
serve not only to recall the career of a great scholar, investigator and 
writer; but also, and above all, that it may hear witness to the admiration, 
affection and gratitude of his pupils towards their teacher. 

Professor Welch, on behalf of friends and associates of Professor New- 
comh, asked that he sit for a portrait to be given to the University. The 
remarks of Professor Welch were as follows: 

The custom which prevails in many foreign universities of celebrating, 
by some memorial, epochs in the lives of distinguished teachers and investi- 
gators connected with the university is one which can only he commended. 
A similar custom is finding increasing favor within recent years in this 
country, where so few material honors attend success in university and 
scientific careers. 

The colleagues and other friends of Professor Newcomb desire to manifest 
their affectionate regard and their high appreciation of his services to science 
and to this University, and to mark an epoch in his life, by asking him to sit 
for a portrait to he painted in oil and presented to the Johns Hopkins 
University. It is just forty years since he left the work of a school teacher 
in the State of Maryland to engage in the mathematical service of the 
United States Government, It is twenty years since he became senior 
professor of mathematics in the United States Navy and editor of the 
American Ephemera and Nautical Almanac. For many years he held the 
post of astronomer in the Naval Observatory at Washington. With the 
Johns Hopkins University he has heen closely associated since its founda- 
tion. I le has heen honored in unusual degree by academic distinctions and 
by election to membership in learned BOcieties both in this country and in 
Europe. Bis numerous contributions to science have received the highest 

possible recognition, This is not the occasion, nor am 1 tie i to attempt 

to estimate in detail, the significance and the value of thesi nt rihulions. 

The judgment of one's own peers is the test of the worth of discoveries in 

pure science. The great mathematician, Professor Cayley, has pointed out 
the rare combination in Professor Newcomb's publications of mathematical 

skill and power and of good hard work devoted to the furtherance of mathe- 
matical science, When the blue ribbon of science, the Copley medal, was 
conferred upon our colleague by the Royal Society of I>ondon, attention 
was publicly called to the fad that he had won his distinction especially 
by his contributions to the science of gravitation and that his name was 
worthy to he remembered in the domain forever associated with the illus- 
trious Isaac Newton. 

Professor Newcomb, your friends and colleagues now ask permission to 
place your portrait by the side of that of your colleague, Professor Gilder- 
sleeve, that thus there may he here silent and enduring tokens of the 
honor which this University bestows upon the man of letters and the 
man of science. 

Professor Newcomb responded briefly acceding to this request, and Presi- 
dent Gilman accepted the gifts in behalf of the University. 

The announcement was made by the President of the University of the 
establishment by Mr. J. I'.. Noel Wyatt, of Baltimore, of an annual course 
of lectures upon German literature, history or art, to he known as the 
"Wehrhane Memorial Lectureship" in memory of the late Mr. William 
II. Wehrhane, of Baltimore. 

Postmaster General Wilson and Governor Lowndes were introduced to 
the assembly and briefly responded. 

The exercises were closed by the singing of Integer Vitae by the Glee Club. 

Orchestral music was rendered at intervals by Wright's Orchestra of 
fifteen pieces. 

In the afternoon, the physical laboratory and the libraries in McCoy 
Hall were thrown open to the public. 

A meeting, in favor of the pending arbitration treaty, was held in McCoy 
Hall in the afternoon. The Governor of Maryland presided. Mr. Isaac 
Brooks, Jr., acted as Secretary. Addresses were made by Mr. Joseph 
Packard, President Gilman, President Patton, and the Hon. John P. Poe, 
and resolutions were adopted. 


The Baltimore Association met in the morning of February 22 in McCoy 
Hall and selected officers, as follows: — President, John Hemsley Johnson; 
Secretary, Alfred J. Shriver ; Treasurer, Henry O. Thompson; Members 
of the Executive Committee: George Stewart Brown, James Piper, Albert 
C. Ritchie, Charles W. L. Johnson, and George Lefevre. The banquet of 
the association was held at the Hotel Rennert, in the evening, under charge 
of a committee headed by Mr. George C. Morrison. The President was 
Dr. Albert Shaw, of New York, editor of the Review of Reviews. Several 
brief addresses were made, and messages from other associations of the 
Alumni were read. The music was under the direction of Mr. Edwin L. 

The Alumni of the Pacific Coast assembled at Stanford University. A 
telegram of congratulation signed by Professors Stringham, Lawson, and 
Lewis, of the University of California, Professors Richardson, Jenkins, 
Fairclough, Ross, Kriehn, Green, Spencer, and Matzke, of the Leland 
Stanford University, Professor Hunt, of the University of the Pacific, and 
Messrs. C. H. Sbinn, J. A. Latane, and M. James, was sent to Baltimore. 

The Fourth Annual Meeting of the Johns Hopkins University Club of 
New England was held at the Hotel Nottingham, Boston, on the evening of 
February 20, 1SD7. Professor J. F. Jameson presided. Professor Remsen 
was present as the representative of the University. The following officers 
were elected to serve for the ensuing year: — President, Prof. William T. 
Sedgwick, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Dr. Charles F. Painter. 416 Marlborough Street, Boston, Mass.; Executive 
Committee: Messrs. W. S. liayley, II. A. Butnstead, W. T. Councilman, C. 
M. Cone, I'. R. Dewey, G. S. Hall, George H. Haynes, Arthur J. Hopkins, 
Theodore Hough, J. F. Jameson, C. R. Lanman, James 1. Peck, Josiah 

The Northwestern Association of the Alumni met at luncheon at the 

Gnat Northern Hotel, Chicago, on February 22. Professor C. H. Haskins, 

of the University of Wisconsin, presided. 

Apkil, 1897.] 



The New York Alumni nut at dinner al the Irena on West 31st St., 
New York City. Officers for the ensuing year were elected. 


1 Eti printed, with a few n I 1 I >i and add is, . ■ m ! 

February 22, I ' 

The Johns Hopkins University will observe its twenty-first annual com- 
memoration day this morning at 11 o'clock in McCoy Hall. 

The university was opened for instruction in the fall of 1876. Judge 
William A. Fisher, in a recent gathering of friends of the un 
referred to the many avenues of city life iu which the university's influence 
had been all-pervading. This suggestion led to some further inquiries by 
Dr. Jacob H. Hollander, of the Hopkins faculty, who has written much 
recently upon local history. 

Talking yesterday of some of his results in this direction, Dr. Hollander 
said: "The material development of the city within the period of the 
university's activity is familiar, but its remarkab] • growth in many 
other directions, tending to increasing attractiveness as a city of resi- 
dence and to increasing influence upon American society, commonly 
escapes notice. 

"The most remarkable development of Baltimore in other than material 
and industrial affairs within the past twenty years has unquestionably been 
in the educational field. Without losing any ot'its distinctive charai teristics, 
the city lias Income one of the meat educational centres of the country, 
recognized as such in every quarter of the globe, and attracting large bodies 
Of students from widely removed localities. 

"The activity of the Johns Hopkins University, coincident in time with 
the period considered, has doubtless been the paramount force in this develop 
ment. The story of the institution forms a unique chapter in the history of 
American higher education. Almost within the years which similar institu- 
tions have devoted to mere tentative efforts, Johns Hopkins lias attained 
the front rank among higher institutions of learning. The relation of the 
university to the city and its residents has throughout been intimate. 
Academic currents penetrate every stratum of Baltimore society and 
exercise wide and far-reaching influences upon its intellectual life. 

"In the higher education of women the extraordinary growth of the 
Woman's College has already made Baltimore an important centre for a 
large section of the country and the source of noteworthy influence upon 
the educational development of the South. 

'Local medical instruction has undergone marked improvement, cul- 
minating in the opening of the Johns Hopkins Medical School as a 
post-graduate department. Ampler facilities for clinical and laboratory 
work are afforded and a larger and better equipped body of students have 
been attracted to the city. In law, dentistry and pharmacy local institu- 
tions have fully kept pace with scientific advance in methods of instruction 
and research. Preparation for college has been simplified. A number of 
well-conducted preparatory schools are in operation, and a link between 
the public-school curriculum and college matriculation requirements has 
been formed. The Bryn Mawr School, with its finely equipped building, 
serves as an admirable preparatory school for girls. 

"Almost as remarkable," continued Dr. Hollander, "lias been the 
development of educational apparatus — libraries and library facilities. 
The past twenty years have witnessed the collection of the library of the 
Johns Hopkins University, now numbering about 80,000 volumes, gradually 
and carefully chosen from every department of science and literature and 
including several noteworthy special collections, as the Me! loy library, rich 
in works illustrating the history of art ; the Bluntschli library, in historical 
and political science ; and the Dillmann library, in Semitic lair 
biblical literature. 

" Within the same period the library of the Peabody institute has grown 
from 60,000 to a noble collection of more than 125,000 volumes. An 
admirable catalogue of the library has been printed and better facilities 
for investigation and research have been afforded. 

"The munificence of the late Enoch Pratt has supplanted tl 
collections by the creation of a well-chosen circulating library of 170,000 
volumes. The special libraries of the Maryland Historical Society, the 

iation, the Whittingham Library of the Diocese of Maryland, the 

Medical and < hirurgieal Library and the New Mercantile Library have 

ions and ha\ rally accessible. 

" President Oilman has < timati I tl Baltimore hi 

within a circl of ' til irly half a million volumes, of 

H hich al ll I I one-half are eh 

i ay that of thi volumes 

"Various means of indirect instruction have supplanted the work of 
formal edu 

Johns Hopkins 
Univi ■■ inter to the general pub] 

coursi ; ortunities have 

lually extended, and a eon idi 
stimulus and instruction iii the same direction 

the influence ol >f thirty lectures offered by the 

Peabody Institute und I the i b many distinguished persons 

in the world of letter- .lit at varioil 

Baltimore. A recent development of tie Peabody lecture system I 
the substitution of continuous i 

of lecture . 

"The annual courses of lectures and entertainments of th 
School Teachers' Association, the Young M u's Chri 
and of various church and other organizations have exerted similar 
influences for good. 

" In close association with these several educational forces is to 
tioned the greater literary productiveness of Baltimore. A bibliography 
of the other than ephemeral writhe nan- within the past 

twwty years would show a result far greater in volume and in content 
than that of any earlier period. In the office of the president of the Johns 
Hopkins University a ret ti maintained, containing books 

published by the university and its officers and by those "ho have been 
educated hen-, and already containing several hundred volumes. 

"The humanities as well a the sciences have received noteworthy 
contributions from Baltimore, and the present activity of a group of 
gifted writers suggests a conscious acceptance of the heritage of John 
Pendleton Kennedy, of Severn Teackle Wallis and of Sidney Lanier. 

"The University Club has been and continues an important influence 
in the cultivated life of the city. Although formally organized only ten 
years ago, it is a direct outgrowth of the old Johns Hopkins ! 
Club organized in 1879, the genu of which in turn were the informal 
Saturday evening sessions of certain instructors and fellows, dating almost 
from the opening of the University. The purpose of the University Club 
has been described by Professor Gild' irst and only president, 

as 'the furtherance of social relations and intellectual interchange among 
those mejijbers of the community who are in sympathy with university 
views and university methods.' In this direction much has been accom- 
plished, even though the results can not be precisely estimated. 

"A remarkable development of what might he called 'the larger life' 
of Baltimore within the pa I twentj years," Dr. Hollander continued, " has 
been the greater activity of women in intellectual and practical affairs. 
The formal expression of this activity is to he found in the growth and 
influence of such organizations as the Arundell Club, the Women's Literary 
(.luh, the Lend-a-Hand Club and the Quadriga Club. At first merely 
stimulating agencies of self-culture, these bodies are rapidly ! 
important influences in the communal life of the city. Indirectly they 
have aroused and sometimes shaped public opinion in the direction of 
needed reform, and the growing desire to give women representation upon 
municipal hoards is out one aspect of this inllut n 

"The activity of the Conservatory of Music of ihe Peabody Institute 
has effected marked improvement in musical study and appreciation in 
Baltimore within the period. Much, very much, remains yet to 
plished, but it will hardly be denied that musically Baltimore is a very 
different city from what it was twenty years ago. In the face of ignorance, 
apathy and activi ho tility, a corps of tale: has persisted in 

the work of musical education — to a limited student body by direct in- 
struction, io ti;.' i omi iiiuity at largi' by series of recitals and concerts. 

" If the results thus far attained have 1 ecu disproportionate to the effort 
expended, signs are not wanting that the long-delayed musical awakening 
is in sight. -The organization of the graduates of the Peabody Institute, 



[No. 129. 

the erection of the Music Hall, the formation and revival of various musical 
societies are distinct expressions of this tendency. 

"The artistic resources of the city have been notably augmented within 
twenty years," said Dr. Hollander. "The Maryland Institute, 
inconspicuous, but effective in activity, lias licen the important educational 
force in this direction, serving as a local cradle of art. The Kinehart fund 
for the promotion of the art of sculpture has come into operation under the 
auspices of the Peabody Institute. Two European scholarships are annually 
awarded, and at the Maryland institute, a school of sculpture, under a highly 
qualified artist, is maintained. The* barcoal Club since its inception has 
imparted stimulus and inspiration to a maturer class, ami lias fostered the 

informal association of artists and art -lovers. I Vcorativc art lias been de- 
veloped by the opportunities afforded by the Decorative Art Bocii t; 
to the superb collections of tin' Walters Gallery, to the Peabody Institute 
Gallery and to the public exhibits held periodically under various local 
auspices have created a larger Btudenl body and have done much t 
the artistic sense of the community, As in music, a limitless vista of further 
opportunity need not prevent recognition of the noteworthy advance already 

"Little need be said of the marked improvement in the tl aspeel 
of the city within the past twenty years. The business quarter has been 
virtually reconstructed by the demolition of many of the oldest, and the 
erection of attractive modern structures Residential sections have been 
and attractive suburbs have sprung up. Our parks and squares 
have been carefully developed, and a notable addition has recently been 
made thereto. The generous gifts of William T. Walters, Robert Garrett, 
and W. W. Spence have adorned the city with noble expressions of the 
r's genius. 

" In many other directions residence in Baltimore has become ny>re 
attractive than it was twenty years ago — in the development of its social 
life, in the incidental features of university activity, in the organization of 
its charities, in the progress in local journalism. In all these directions the 
outl iok is rich in promise, and it needs no unreasonable optimism to remind 
us that our own poet Lanier has sung, less, perhaps, as the minstrel than as 
the seer — 

" ' a fairer Athens tUan of yore 
In these blest hounds of Baltimore"' 


In Paris there is a Society for the purpose of developing in American 
universities the study of French civilization. The Society is called Union 
Ymong the members of this Society 
are Paul Bourget, of the French Academy, the I Mike de Noailles, the 
Viscount de Tocqueville, Count de Rochambeau, and the Count Jacques de 
Pourtales. M. le Baron Pierre de C'oubertin, President of the Union, has 
offered on its behalf to bestow annually upon a prize essayist of the Johns 
Hopkins University a medal, to be called "The Tocqueville Medal," in 
honor of the illustrious Frenchman. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859), 
author of the well-known historical anil political studies, "Ancien Regime" 
and " Democratic en Amerique." 

i he following rules will govern the award : 

1. The medal will be given to that student of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity who shall have written the best essay on some subject in historical 
or political science taken from French history or- politics from 1815 

< 'ompetitors may select any desirable theme, historical, political, diplomatic, 
economic, social, or biographical, within the period specified, 

2. Students who have left the University, either graduates or not, cannot 

to tic- competition. 
ays must be legibly written or typewritten, on one side 
ordinary thesis-paper, unbound. Not less than S,000 nor more than HI, (1(11) 

e desired. Papers must be sent, in completed form, to tin B 

of the 1 niversity, on or before Jam. 

4. A committee of award will be appointed by tin President of the 
University. If there is a sufficient competition of meritorious essays, the 
Tocqueville Medal will be publicly awarded, for the first time, on the 22d 
of February, 1898. The University will withhold the prize if no thesis 
worthy of it is presented. 

II. B. Adams, 

: ilory. 


Philological Issooiation. 

I cut fifty-sixth regular meeting. Professor Gildcr- 
. Ui.' chair. Fifty members were present. 
Papers read : 

I W. Bright. 
tin a Passage in tiic Babylonian Nimrod Epic, by C. Johnston. 
March 19.— One hundred and fifty-seventh regular meeting. Professor Gildersleeve 
in the chair. Forty-two members were j i 
i.-ad : 

a King, with special reference to the Version of 
Mart di W. A. Nitze. 

Tin- IValpurgisnachl in the Chronology of Goethe's Faust, by C. B. Furst. 

hundred and fifty-eighth regular nieetiug. Professor Gildersleeve in 
tin' chair. Fot resent. 

read : 

, by P. Edgar. 

'i Ness. 

"Historical and Political Science Association. 

January 29. 

■ mil. by G. W. Ward. 

The Black Death, by W. T. Thom. 

of J. C. Ayers thesis on the Ethics of Joseph Butler, by G. C. Lee. 
February 12. 

Ancient Coinage, by J. M. Vincent. 

Will Government bv the People Endure! OJ C M. BBOUGH. 

English National Character, by .1. .1. Cantky. 

Brace's Ecoicmiii. ic in, a Virginia, '<>■ J. C. Ballagh. 

Eggleston's Beginners of a Nation, byT. S. Adams. 

Jev.M n to the History* of Religion, by P. L. Kaye. 

March "j. 

America as the Political Utopia of Young Germany, by T. S. Baker. 

Representation in Congress from the Seceding --cues, by C. Suavely. 

Ratzel'e Bistory of Mankind, by J. I:. Ewnra. 

Brooks Adams's Law of Civilization and Decay, by E. A. SMITH. 

Blackmai ■'- Stor] ol Human Progress, byC. W Sommerville. 
Jl/ar.7, 19. 

Moral Justification of the State's Authority, by W. W. Wii.i.ocgiiiiy. 

Perrin's thesis on History of Compulsory Education in New England, by E. W. 


Burgess's Middle Period of American History, by G. W. Ward. 
Virginia immediately after the War, by W. T. Thom. 

Naturalists' Field Club. 

February 9. 

Behavior of Ferns toward Light, by C. E. Waters. 

Yoldia, by G. A. Drew. 

Treefrogs* and Lizards of Jamaica, by M. T. Sr/DLER. 
March 0. 

Marsilia, by D. S. Johnson. 

'Physical Seminary. 

Papers and Demonstrations : 
Galvanometer Design, by C. W. Waidner. 
Testing of Thermometers, bv W. S. Day. 
Measurement of Induction, by T. D. Penniman. 

Measurement of Freezing and Boiling Points of Solutions, by H. J. Jones. 
Absolute Measurement of the Ohm, by J. F. Merrill. 

Young Men's Christian Association. 

Friday until Sunday, Fibruaryl9-21.— Twenty-fifth Convention of Young Men's Christian 
Associations of Maryland, West Virginia, District of Columbia, and Delaware, at 

Frederick, Md, 

Thursday, March 18.— Reception to Dr. Lyman Abbott, Levering Lecturer for 1897. 


Dr. Gustav AdOLPH LlEBIG died in Brooklyn, X. Y., February 10, 
1897, in the thirty-sixth year of his age. Dr. Liebig was connected with 
this University from 1880 to 1890, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
in 1882 and that of Doctor of Philosophy in 1885. lie was a Fellow in 
Physics from 1S83 to 1885, a Fellow by Courtesy from 1S85 to 1887, and 
during the next three years Assistant in Electricity. For several years 
past he had been engaged in electrical and chemical work. 

Mr. EZRA CARL BreithAITPT died tit his home in Berlin, Ontario, 
January 'J7. W.'T. .e,'el 31 years. Mr. Breithaupt graduated at North- 
western College, Illinois, in 1887, and in 1890 entered the Johns Hopkins 
University as a graduate student. In June, 1S92. he was granted a Certifi- 
cate of Proficiency in Applied Electricity, and since then he has been 
engaged in electrical work al his home in Canada. 

Mi;. Edward Payson Manning, died at his home in Judson, Mass., 
February 15, 1897, in the thirty-second year of bis age. Mr. Manning 
own University in 1889, and entered 
tic Johns Hopkins University in October, 1890. He held successively 
the i'o-t- of University Scholar, Fellow, and Fellow by Courtesy, and 
received the 'bun ' Doctor of Philosophy in June, 1894, in the depart- 
ment ol Mathematics. In September, 1894, he entered upon his duties as 
Instructor in Mathematics at St. Laurence University, New York, but 
failing health compelled him to give up his work after a few weeks, and 
lb. past eighteen months were spent in the Adirondack Mountains. 

April, 1897.] 




Professor F. BrunetiSre gave the l;i-t of a brilliant course of I 
French Poetry, Friday, April 9. This course has been followed i in 
audience ol everal hundred persons. The lectures were given in French. 
The special subjects were: 

La Poesie Epique du Moyen Age; La Poesie Courtoise; La Poesie 
Chevaleresque— Romans de la Table Ronde et Imadis; De I 
Malherbe; La Poesie Dramatique -Comeille, Racine, Moliere; De Vol- 
taire 1 Chateaubriand j La Poesie Romantique; Le Combat du Ron 
et du Naturalisme dans lu Poesie du 19" siecle; Le Symbolist) 
Tendences Actuelles de la Poesie. 

Carefully prepared abstracts of the lectures were printed in the Balti- 
more News. 

The following letter is reprinted from The Critic, New York, March 20: 

(By Tit. Bentzon.) 

You ask me to write an article on M. Brunetiere, who has been invited 
to give this year's series of lectures on poetry at Johns Hopkins University. 
Will you permit me to reply in the epistolary form, anil thus avoid giving 
this paper the importance of a biography, as M. Brunetiere is almost as 
well known in America as in France? The mere fact of his having been 
chosen to speak in one of your great universities sufficiently proves this. 
It is probable that everyone knows that he was horn at Toulon in 1849, 
ami that this native of Provence has pure Brittany blood in his veins, 
which accounts for the compound of ardor anil steadfastness, conscience 
anil passion to he found in him; that he intended to devote himself to 
teaching, hut turned towards literature, and that as far back as 1875 he 
became an assiduous, as well as admired, collaborator of the A'mn ilex lhnr 
Mondes. His power for work is prodigious, as he proved from the outset, 
when, as assistant editor, he really managed that most important publica- 
tion, long before he bore the title of director. In 1886 he was appointed 
Maitre de Conferences on French language and literature, at the Ecole 
Normale. In 1887 he received the Order of the Legion of Honor, and 
entered the French Academy, while still very young. All this can he 
found in any encyclopedia. 

What is more interesting is the account of his writings, such as his 
Critical Studies on the History of French Literature, in which one of the 
strongest, most original and most logical minds is mirrored. He is, by far, 
the leading critic of the day, notwithstanding that, in France, this is pre- 
eminently the age of criticism. I will add that he is besides, among all 
the writers and lecturers of our country, the one who has the greatest 
number of reasons for appealing to the sympathy of Americans. His 
enemies themselves — for he has some, and boasts of the fact, as he has 
never courted popularity, — his very enemies, as well as his friends, have to 
acknowledge that he has one master quality — authority. He always knows 
exactly what he is saying, as well as all that pertains to what he says, and 
this rests on solid principles and so extensive an erudition that it seems to 
include every branch of human knowledge. All others seem shallow by 
comparison. No historical, philosophical or other question is strange to 
him, and this enormous wealth is classified with scrupulous precision in a 
mind that, by merely filtering them, knows how to give to the most abstract 
subjects the limpidity of a crystal spring. This incomparable perspicuity 
seems to me the first condition for success in a foreign country, even when 
one's audience is composed of a perfectly prepared elite, understanding 
French as well as it can be understood when it is not one's mother tonj tie. 

And the French that M. Brunetiere speaks in his distinct, incisive and 
ringing voice has all the classic purity, a rare thing as times go! There 
are no neologisms, and yet there is nothing insipid or antiquated about it. 
I assure you, instead, you will find a rare felicity of expression 
he docs not tax the resources of the vocabulary, --dash, brilliant paradox, 
and an indefinable something whose sharpness and spiciness stimulate, and 
will give an American audience the impression of humor, at times even of 
grim, Puritan humor. For there is a tart flavor in both the eloquence and 
the writings of M. Brunetiere. His contempt for all the humbug, snobbish- 
ness and affectation in the judgments dictated by fashion, easily finds vent 

in the most original and tier, a mi I nality are 

equally hateful to him. Far from i e kg it, and knows 

how to give hi- adversaries a thorou erving the 

ul i poli 

Who an tin The adept- of a certain mannerism which 

aowadays is trying to pass current as talent— inq rshippers 

of thi Japanesqu and unwl li me minds that seek their inspiration in 
Btrange or ignobl udelaire, 

have felt his clutch. He i fi 

established reputations. He spoke his mind to Victor Hugo hit 
went to the very bottom of things, stripping him "ii the way, exactly as he 
does with tin- new nan. [n a fine book on tl rcl, he has lashed 

the imitator- of Flaubert and Zola, which, however, does not mean that he 
nize that tin- formi < ■ cious ele- 

ments into novel-writing, nor that he doe- not appreciate the all 
breadth of the latter; bul he i a when analysing 

a masterpiece like " M Ian 

art for art'- sake will never forgive him this. Still < y will do 

more than forgive it in America, whi I ' English litera- 

tim have always thought, as be would ha\ ink, that a work 

is not great merely by tin- talent of its author, but by the quality of the 
ideas it brings forward and the inlet est of 1 1 


In French literature, M. Bi itury best, 

because it was the highest expn i ood taste and good sense, which 
does not signify that h li up in the artificially 

clipped gardens of Versailles and rel the charm of 

even hazardous paths. He does not shut himself up anywhere: 
big word cosmopolitanism does nut frighten him. lie knows as much 
about foreign literature as about everything else, and at time- a 
unhesitatingly to the pages of the /.' er carried away, 

either by impulse or by infatuation, and when people talk about daring 
forms and subjects, he easily proves I Pascal and Mol 

more audacious than many another. Comparing classical authors with 
those of our day, be will take the occasion to show you that the former are 
at least as truthful, as bold and as passionately human as the latter, with- 
out adding that most of them ly familiar with matters now- 
considered recent psychological discoveries. 

Jules Lemaitre, the sceptic, tin- very antipodes of M. Brun itiere, having 
for his gift as a writer a languid and subtle M. Brunei iere's 

share is power, has said something witty about the hitler, as is. in fact, 
nearly all he says: — "His orthodoxy is as hold and defiant as heresy." 
This orthodoxy refers to literary matti I in M. Brunetii I 

merely signitii s, I believe, the contempt of a healthy and robust in 
for morbid fancies, hysteria and nous. -use. Nevertheless, this admirer of 
Kenan, this follower of Darwin, for he ha- undertaken a vast work, on the 
Evolution of Species in the History of Literature, in which Darwinian 
principles are applied to literary production! — thi- very free mind, in 
short, looks upon llossiiet as the great genius of the period lie considers the 
greatest. He has published an annotated edition of B 
minis, whence it must not be inferred thai his dogmatism, it he has any from 
a scholarly point of view, extends to ri I to belong 

to any church, although he has the deepest respect for divine things, and the 
conviction that all the science in the world will never make up for it. 

Tho^c who have only read M. Brunetiere will he surprised to notice how 
his very peculiar style, with its Ion I phrases, 

which keep attention on the alert, bends to the requin ments of speech and 
the familiarity of conversation. Heisa dazzling talker. Itisalw 
esting to read him, but it is delightful to hear him. Both men and women 
prove this to demonstration by rushing in crowds to He holds 

his audiences spell-bound. Iheard him o, on the utility 

of lectures as the best and surest way to spread gi neral idea-. " Thi-," he said, 
"is for those who listen, hut we must also consider the no e-.-ary satisfaction 
it gives to men who are born with the need and vocation to speak." 

M. Brui ■ rfullyand intrepidly individual. He 

is a moralist, a thinker, a philosopher, an historian, a writer, a lecturer. He 
is (and everyone agrees on this point, as well as on his talents as an orator) 
a critic of the highest order. But first and foremost he is a character. 
Pabis, February, 1897. 



[No. 129. 


Mathematics and Astronomy. (67 Students). 

Classes meet iii the Physical Laboratory, unless otherwise stated. 

Fuehsian Functions and Linear Differential Equations: 

UG. Wednesday and Friday, 9 a. m., Room 2o. (3). 
Hardy. Pattillo. Pell. 

Partial Differential Equations of the Second Or 

fessor Craig. Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, 9 a. m., Room 26. (4). 
Hardy. Mitchell, S. A. Pattillo. Pell. 

Geodesic Lines and Deformation of Surfaces: Professor 
Monday, Tuesday, Thursda Room 26. (4). 

Hardy. Lovett. Pattillo. Pell. 

Theoretical Mecli a u les i 
12 m., Room 26. (3). 

Dr. Chessin. Monday and 


Elliptic Functions, with Applications : Thurs- 

day, 12 in., Room 26. (7). 

Harrison, C. N. P Schenck, C. C 


Elementary Theory of Functions : Dr. Chessin. Monday and 
Tu; day, 11 a i. (10). 

V \V. H. Horner. Xcwcomer. Wallis, 

Marine. Schenck, C. C. Wilhelm. 

Harrison, C. N. Merrill. 

Theory Of Substitutions : Dr. Hulburt. Wedn< iday, Thursday, 


Dr. Cohen. Monday and Wednesday, 4 

Friday, 10 a. ru., Room Pattillo. 

Horner. Pell. 

Theon/ of Invariants, 

p. m., 1 

Hardy. Pell. • Wallis. Wilhelm. 

Harry, S. C. 

The Geometry of Lie's Contact Transformations: Dr. 
Lovett. Monday, 5 p. m., Room 26. (6). 

Pattillo. Pell. 

Devol. - \. 

Differential Equations: I Undergra h ■■■"•■ Elective): Dr. li' . 
Monday and Tuesday, 10 a. m., Room 27. (6). 

. H. I Marine. Weglein. 


Theory of Equations; Modern Analytic Geometry; 

Analytic Geometry of Three Dimensions: I 

Dr. i !oh en. I ru., Room 27. ( 14). 

Armstrong, J. i:. C. 
Been 1 .'. 
Church, W. II. 

I raid. 





Calculus : i ' ' i : Dr. 
p. in., Room 26. (23). 

Bdxburt. Daily 

except Friday, 


i ',. E. 

Ealb, . 

! 11. 


Rem ien, C. &I. 

M. inn. 


Smith, F. VV. 

Trigonometry; Elementary Analytic Geometry: Dr. Co- 
Monday, 9 a. in, Tuesday, 10 a. in., Wednesday, 11 a. in., 
Thursday, 1:2 m., Ro Hall. (8). 

ichelle. Emery. I Smull, 

Jungbluth, K. Smith, W. I.. Stephi 

Dr. Poor. W< 

Advanced Theoretical Astronomy: 

Thursday, Friday, 11 a. in.. Room 34. (2). 
Ontz. " ' Mitchell 

Theory and Use of Astronomical Instruments; Theo- 
retical Astronomy: Dr. Poor. Tuesday and Wednesday, 12 in., 
Room 34. (7) 

Church. 'nan. Newcomer. Wallis. 

Devol. ■ uliall. Penniman. 

Observatory Work: Di 

Church. Harry, B C. 
Clutz. B.S.V. 

Devol. Mendcnhall. 

Daily, 8 

p. in. 


Mitchell, S. 





Descri/>iire Astronomy: ( Elective) : Dr. Poor. 

Thurso lay, 1 p. m., Room 34. (2). 

Dohme. unds. 

Physics. (101 StudenU). 

; in the Physical Lalioratory. 

Electricity and Mttynef ism : Professor Rowland. Dailj 
Wednesday, 10 a, m. '(17). 

Brackett. Mather. Newcomer. Saunders, F. A. 

Mi odei oiman. Schenck. 

Harrison, C. K. Merrill. Ethoads. 

Humphreys, W. J. Milter. Rothcnnc-1. Waidner. 

Journal Meeting: Professor RowIxAnb and Dr. Ames. Wednes- 
day, 11 a. in. (24). 

Brackett. 1 1 . i . Mixter. Rothermel. 


Marine. Penniman. Schenck. 

Iieid, H. F. Spencer. 

nliall. Rhoads. Waidner. 

Merrill. Ridgely. Wallis. 

Day, W. S. 
Doi ey. 


Harrison, C. N. 


Physical Seminary : Dr. Ames. Saturday, 9 a. m. (15). 

Brackett Humphreys, W. J. Merrill. Saunders, I'. A. 

Dav. W. s. Mallory. ' Penniman. Schenck. 

Dorsey, Mather. Rhoads. Waidner. 

Harrison, C N. Mendcnhall. RothermeL 

Electrical 'Oscillations and ff'aves: Dr. Aiies. Thursday and 

Friday, 11 a. m. 




Harrison, C. N. 




■■. rv i omer. 

Saunders, F. A. 

Stephens, J. C. 

Physics: (Major Coarse): Dr. Ames. Daily, except Thursday, 12 m. 

Adams, H. H. Edmunds. Howard, S. F. Ridgely. 




Smith, F. W. 

Smith, R. M. 



Thomas, EL II. 



Williams, C. B. 



Applied Electricity: I Second year): Dr. Duncan. Monday and 
Tuesday, 9 a. ra. (6). 

Allen, W. H. Eisenhrandt. Mixter, Pindell. 

Bowman. Merrill. 









Reese, H. M 





Ooursi ] : Dr. AMES 

Daily, ex< 


Armstrong, W. E. F 

, J. s. 




Kail.,.!. A. 


Ford, 0. E. 

Keidel, A. 


Bang, J. H. 



King, T. H. 

1 '.i-'-. 

Green bau m. 



BTarwood. L. 


1 liuivfl. 



ei '■-. 

Mc Fad den. 





1 ! ■ | . 

Thursday and 


Mr. ETerING. Wednesday, 10 a.m., 

. W. L. Kershner. 

[el, F. B. Spencer. 

Applied Electricity: {First year): Dr. Duncan. 
Friday, 9 a. m. (10). 

All',., w. II. ah. Keidel, F. B. 

Bartell. einan. Kershner. 

brandt. Etodges, W. L. 

Electrical Measurements , 

Thursday, 1 2 m. (0). 

W. H. Qorsuch. 

Bartell. Haldi 


Electrical Seminary : Dr. Duncan, Mr. IIehing, Mr. Gebr. 
Wednesday, 9 a. m. (12). 

Allen, W. II. amll. , W. L. Merrill. 

Bartell. Gorsuch. 1, F. B. PindeU. 

Bowman. II l.i.inan. Kershner. 

Steam and II i/draulic Engineering : Mr. Geer. Wednesday, 
Thursday, Friday, 11 a. m. (4). 
Allen, W. II. Bowman. Eisenbrandt Findell. 

April, 1807.] 

UNI VK h'S TTY CI Iff I r L A R S. 


Mechanics of Engineering: J 


v and Tuesday, 

Laboratory Work : P 

11a.m. (9). 


Ml. .i, H II. 


ii., 1 W. I„ 


Daily, 9 a. in. to 5 |I 

lli!,l, man. 



All,- man. 

1 ramlt. 

Laboratory Work: Pi Eto ind, Dr. Doncan, I <r. Ames, 

Mr. Herinq, Mr. Geek, I'r Buss. Daily, 9 a. m. to 5 p. iu. (94). 



Adams, 11 II. 


I,, i . 

II. M. 


■ ley. rcn. 

Allon, W ii 

rd,( I . 

King, J. II. 

a ng,W. E I 


I i . i i: 

1' rarine. 







I'. W. 


i lorsuch. 



i ,r. . ill'. nun 

M all' ,i \ . 

Smith, 1 . W, 


llal.l. in. in. 

M.ii in, , 

Smith, R. M. 




1 -Mian. 

M, 1 i,| l.ii. 

Stcphons, ,1. C. 

Cator. , II 

< v 

id, L. 



. ...., 

\I, mil. 

: i 



Ilaui, i 


E. II. 

1 ool ,i G Jenkins. I:. I.. 

I loud 

Hirshbi i 

Hi d ;i . H. 1.. 


1 ' "I' '.. 1'. tnd. 


i uii, ii, m. 

Day, W. S, 

Ho rd 

Mull, r. 

Dohmi ith.M. 

1, A. 








i i 

Howard, s. F. 

on. S. II. 
ier,J. S. 


Humphreys, W. J. 


Williams. C. B. 

I * rguson. 
■ J. S. 

1 \. 

ri... lull. 


Keidel, A. 

. :till. 


-i :il. 1 . 

Ii. 1,1,1, I . B, 

Special Course for Students looking towards Medicine: 

Mr. Humphreys. Recitations twice a month. (7). 

Geology. (23 Students). 




M i . . .. 1 


■ [ i ii, , ratory. 

General Geology: Pn . 1 >r. Reid, and Dr. Mathews. 

Daily, excepl Friday, 1 'J m.; laboratory work, V\ 5 p.m.; 

Chemistry, (ill Students). 

excursions in April and .May. (22). 
Abbe. Duffy. 

Ballard. Glenn. McLaughlin. 

Classes meet in the Chemical Laboratory, unless otherwise si 

Graham. Mitchell, J. A. 

Hartzell. O'Harra. 

Organic Chemistry: (For Graduate Students): Professor Remsen. 

Chambliss. W. A. Palmer, J. II. 

i ,C. G. r. P. 

Daily, except M, 



iday, 9 a. in. (36) 
Cook.C. (I. 

King, S. H. 

Scott, C. C. 

StraUgraphic and Structural Geology: Mr. Willis. 

and Thursday, 1 p. m. (91. 



smith, E. S. 

Abbe. Hartzell. McLaughlin. O'Harra. 


( lurtis. 



Bibbins. King, F. P. Shatluck. 



Mai turn. 







Williams, c. 1'.. 

Palaeonfoloyi/ : (Lectures): 1 lav and 


Howard, - F. 


Wilson, F. D. 

Thursday, 11 a. m. (8). 

c Ii.uuhliss. 

Jones, \V. A. 

Reid, E. E. 


Abbe. Glenn. Kin-, E. I". 1. J. A. 

Journal Meeting: Professor Remsen. Saturday, 

9-10.30 a. in. 

Bibbins. Hartzell. ghlin. O'Harra. 

( HO. Tlie instructors in Chemistry 

and the following 

students : 

Palaeontology: / ; i' 1 r Clark and Dr. Bagg. 





Daily, 9 a. m. to 5 p. in. I 9 j. 
Abbe. Han 
Bibbins, King, E. P. Mitchell, ,1. A. 


i il 


Smith, E. S. 

.... 1 1 : 





i ,,, ii 


Howard. - 1 . 

.1 .■>, W. A. 


Williams, C. B. 
Wilson, F. D. 

Petrography: 1 Lectures): I»r. Mathews. Monday, Tuesday Wednes- 
day, 10 a. m. (7). 

Cook, C. G. 

King, S. H. 

Reid, E. E. 



Abbe. Bil, hins. - lattuck. 

Analytical Chemistry: Professor 

Morse. Monda 

•,9 a. in. (26). 

Berkeley. King, F. P. O'Harra. 



Reid, E. E. 

Petrography: > i): Dr. Mathews. Daily, 9 a. m. 

A rbuckle, 




to 5 p. in. (8). 




Scott, .'. c. 

Abbe. Bibbins. King, F. P. O'Harra. 
Berkeley. Glenn. McLaughlin. 

Byei - 




Williams, C. B. 

< laspari. 

Jones, W. A. 

S. II. 


Wilson,!.. D. 

Map Drawing: Mr. Geer. Monday, 2 to 5 p. m. (9). 

Abbe. Hartzell. O'Harra. 
Bibbins. King, F. V. ',. J. A. shattuck. 

Special Coarse 

in Physical Chemistry : Dr 

il. C. Jones. 

Monday and Tuesday, 12 in. (11). 


< lorsuch. 



•Journal Club: Professor Clare, Dr. Reid, and Dr. Mathews. 


Hodges, W. L. 




Saturday, 9 a. m. (9)., ramlt. 


Abbe. O'Harra, 

Organic Cheni 

stry: (Mnjor Course): Professor Morse and Dr. 

Bibbins. !'. P. Mitchell, .1. A. shattuck. 

Randall. Dail 

7, except Monday, 9 a. m. (25). 


Fischer, J. S. 




Bosle; . 








Palmer, E. I,. 
Reese, H. M. 


Biology. (100 Students). 



Renouf, V. A. 



meet in the Biological Laboratory. 

General Chemistry : Professor Renouf. Dr. Randall. Dr. 1 Iilpin. 

Daily, except Mi nday, ( .i a. m., Hopk 

insHall. (37). 

Zoology :{ ' Daily, 10 a. m. (11). 

rong, W. E. !■' 

1 eek. 






til erg. 

M, ir. 

Levj . W. S. 


Smith, R. M 
Smith, W. L. 

' lark, II. I.. Grave. ' *. !-. 

'' hi. 


\ I '. 

Mi i adden. 




Zoological 'Journal Club: V ks, !>r. Andrews, Dr. 
Humphrey. Friday, 1 1 a. m. 

Ford.C. E. 

■ 'nl., M. 


Tl ins, l;. 11. 




Ham i 

Guggenheimer, C. S 

i:, in en, C. M. 


i. i». s. i: 

llarrv.l'. W. 


i.i, , r. ii. 

Robinson, G, C. 



Clark, H. L. Greene, C. W. Metcalf. Sudler. 



[No. 129. 

Zoological Seminary : Professor Brooks. Thursday, 11 a. on. 

Andre Conant Humphrey, J. E. Richardson. 

Drew, Johnson, b. s. Sigerfoos. 

II. I.. Harrison, R. G. Moore, C. L. 

Physiological Seminary : Professor Howell. Monday, 9 a. m. 
Berger. Dreyer. Greene, C. W. Kemp. 

:.:-, E. 

Physiological Journal Club : Professor Howell. Tuesday, 
12 m. (5). 

Berger. Grave. Greene, C. W. Kemp. 


Animal Physiology : Professor Howell. Wednesday, Thursday, 
Friday, 12 iu. (47). 

Graduate Students. 
Beatty. Greene, C. W. Moore, C. L. Norris. 

Medical Students. 


Allen, li. \V. 




Briggs, E. 


Bum am. 

< lhace. 



Brans, n. C. 
Fisher, A. L. 

Fisher.W. A., Jr. 




Little, H. W. 
MacCallum.J. B. 




Thayer, L. 1 

Warren, M. 

Wl 1. .1. M 


General Physiology and Vertebrate Histology : (Major 

Course): Dr. Dreyer. Daily, except Monday, 9 a. m.; Monday and 
Tuesday, 2-5 p. ni. (4). 
Belknap. Shuter. Stearns. 

General Biology : Dr. Andrews. 
2-5 p.m. (31). 


1 i-hrr, F. C. 



Bogue, H. 











Sudli i 


Ham man. 




Earwood, S. I'. 



Cook, n. W. 

Kaufman, 11. M. 

Eenouf, V. A. 





steology: Dr. 

Andrews. Morula; 

and Wednesday, 

10 a. m. (3 


Fisher, F. C. 



Bogue, H. 







i Iain. 

< , r.r, B. 








Harw.ind.S. 1*. 



Cook, II. W. 

Kaufman, H. M. 

Renoof, V. A. 




a it. .11. 

Hearns. Warfield. 

Thursday and Friday, 10 a. ni., 


Vegetable Morphology : Dr. Humphrey. Monday and Wednes- 
day, 11 a. m., 2-5 p. m., Room 21. (7). 

Beatty. Boyer. Lefevre. Waters. 

Bowlus. Johnson, D. S. Moore, C. L. 

Zoology: (Elective Course): Dr. Andrews. Tuesday, 2-4 p. m. (2). 
Gardner. Miller, F. 0. 


Work : Professor 

Brooks, Professor 

Howell, Dr 

Andrews, Di 

. DREYER, Dr. Humphrey, Mr. 

Sioerfoos. Daily 

9 a. m. to 5 p. 

m. (99). 



Johnson, D. S 


II. w. 

i Irane, 

Kaufman, H. 






i:. iii,1. 


I >a* 


Reed, D. M. 



Renouf. v. A. 









1 I 01 


Brans, 11. C. 





Little, 11. W. 


Bogue, 11. 

er, v. L. 



Fisher. 1 C. 




Fisher, W. A., Jr. 




Briggs, K. 






Stone, E. A. 

( lardner. 






Thayer, L. 11. 





Miller, F. 0. 

Warren, M. 

e, C. W. 

Moure, C. L. 





Wist, .1. M. 




II. L. 

tod, 8. I'. 




Woolle) . 



Greek. (36 Students). 

Classes meet in McCoy Hall. 

Greek Seminary : (Attic Orators) : Professor Gildersleeve. Mon- 
day and Wednesday, 10 a. m., Room 14. (20). 
Basore. Maguire. Peppier. 
Foushee. Hamilton. Mihlen. Robinson, C. A. 
Fraser. Jones, T. M. Montgomery. Sanders, H. N. 
Gill. Kern. Ness. Savage. 
Green, E. L. Kingsbury. Penick. Sutpnen. 

Greek Syntax: Professor Gildersleeve. Thursday, 10 a. m., Room 
14. (22). 

Basore. Haggett Milden. Robinson, C. A. 

Foushee. Hamilton. Montgomery. Saffold. 

Fraser. Jones, 1 M. Ness. Sanders, H. N. 

QUI Kern. Penick. Savage. 

Goodwin. Kingsbury. Peppier. Sutpnen. 

Green, E. L. Maguire. 

Greek Rhetoric : Professor Gildersleeve 
Room 14. (19). 

Basore. Haggett Maguire. 

Foushee. Hamilton. Milden. 

Fraser. Jones, T. M. Montgomery. 

Gill. Kern. Ness. 

Green, E. L. Kingsbury. Penick. 

Greek Lyric Poetry : Professor Gildersleeve. 
Room 14. (20). 

Basore. Saggett Maguire. 

Foushee. Hamilton. Milden. 

Fraser. Jones, T. M. Montgomery. 

Gill. Kern. Ness. 

Green, E. L. Kingsbury. Penick. 

Tuesday, 10 a. m., 

Robinson, C. A. 
Sanders, H. N. 

Friday, 10 a. m., 

Robinson, C. A. 
Sanders, H. X. 

Auxiliary Beading : Dr. Miller. Tuesday and Thursday, 9 a. m. 

Foushee. Hamilton. Milden. Robinson, C. A. 

Green, E. L. Kern. Montgomery. Sanders, H. N. 

Haggett. Kingsbury. Penick. 

Elegiac, Melic, and Iambic Poets; Sophocles, Ajaz: Dr. 
Spieker. Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, 12 m., Room 10. (5). 
Hodges, C. S. Miller, R. D. Pyle. Smith, V. E. 


Homer, Odyssey : Euripides, Alceslis : Dr. Spieker. Tuesday, 
Wednesday, Thursday, 1 p. m., Room 10. (10). 
Bogue, H. French. McCurdy. Spilman. 

Chambers. King, J. H. Murkland. Werber. 

Fisher, F. C. Land. 

Prose Composition : Dr. Spieker. 
Major Course: Friday, 12 m., Room 10. (5). 

Foushee. Kingsbury. Miller, E. D. Smith, V. E. 

Hodges, C. S. 

Minor Course: Monday, 1 p. in., Room 10. (9). 
Bogue, H. French. McCurdy. Spilman. 

Chambers. King, J. H. Murkland. Werber. 

Fisher, F. C. 

Herodotus and Prose Composition : Dr. Miller. Wednesday, 
Thursday, Friday, 10 a. m., Room 8. (1). 
Kaufman, H. 

Latin. ("4 Students). 

Classes meet in McCoy Hall. 

Latin Seminary : ( Vergil) ; 
a. m., Room 15. (16). 
Basore. Green, F. L. 

Daniel. Hamilton. 

Foushee. Jones, T. M. 

(■ill. Kern. 

Dr. Smith. Tuesday and Friday, 11 





Robinson, C. A. 

Thursday, 11 

Robinson, C. A. 


The Roman Hexameter: (Lectures): Dr. Smith. 
a. m., Room 15. (19). 

Basore. Haggett Long. 

Daniel. Hamilton. Maguire. 

Foushee. Jones, r. M. Milden. 

i, ill. Kith. Penick. 

Green, E. L. Kingsbury. Peppier. 

The Boman Epic : (Lectures): Dr. Smith. Monday, 11 a. m., Room 
1.-,. (17). 

Basore. Hamilton. Long. Robinson, C. A. 

Daniel. Jones, T. M. Maguire, Saffold. 

Kern. Milden. Savage. 

Gill. Kingsbury. Montgomery. Sutphen. 

Greeu, E. L. 

April, 1897.] 



Lucan: I>r. Smith. Wednesday, 11 a. m., Room 15. (16). 
Bason i, E. I,. Kingsbury. < I 

D i 

l tli i,l. M. Magulro. 

6111. Kern. Mllden. 

Journal Club: Dr. Smith. Alternate Wednesdays, 12 in., Room 
15. (15). 

Ba ore. Green, E. I.. Kim I 

Hani.]. Hamilton. I 

Foushi .i mi . r. M. 

Selections from Martial and Petronius: Dr.SMiTH. Thurs- 
day, 12 m., Friday, 9 a. m., Room 15. (7). 
Kurrelmeyer, W. S SIou Willi 

\, Schunck. Spragins. 

Plautus, (hptivi ; Terence, Phormio: Dr. Wilson. Wednesday, 
Thursday, Friday, 10 a. in., Rooiu 10. (6). 
Blako. ' Bodges, C. S. Miller, E, D. Pyle. 

Barry, 1'. W. Lyon, C. E. 

Horace: [Selections): I >r. Wilson. Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, 9 

a. in., Room 12. (84). 

Bestor. I o nooht, , I". D. Krel 

Bogue, 11. Prank. I i Kurrelnu . n 

K. II. French. Jungbluth, K. Leveri 

Chambers. Gaddess. I b, J. A. Mullen. 

Clunet. Gemmill. King, J. H. 

Davidson. Grimes, K. II. Kleinschmidt Eb 

DowneS. * in l^^.i i li.-i Tin-i-, C. M. Kuapp, Slnilll. 

Fisher.F. C. Hammond. Krager. Spilman. 

Fooks. Hanna, 

Roman Literature : Dr. Smith. Tuesday, 9 a. m., Room 11. (24). 

Bogue, i: il. Frank. Jone . T. D. Ki 

Clunet Gaddess. Joyner. Kurrelmeyer, H. 

Davidson. Grimes, R. II. Jungbluth, K. Levering. 

Downes. Gin^enli.-iimr, (_'. M. K 1. in . Inniill. 

Fooks. Hammond. Knapp. Eb 

Fosnocht Hanna. Krager. .Sinull. 

( tr'ul [Selections): Vergil, Qeorgics; Prose Composition: Dr. 

Wilson. Monday, Thursday, Friday, 11 a. m., Room 10. (7). 
Breed. Emery. Routh. Stephens, C. G. 

Denmead. Kaufman, II. Smith, \\. L. 

Prose Composition : 

Major Course: Dr. Smith. Monday, 10 a. m., Room 10. (6). 
Blake. Hodges, C. S. Miller, R. D. Pyle. 

Harry, V. W. Lyon, C. E. 

Minor Course: Dr. Wilson. Tuesday, 9 a. in., Room 12. (10). 
Bestor. Fisher, F. C. Kall>, J. A. Murkland. 

Bogue, H. French. King, J- H. Spilman. 

Chambers. Gemmill. 

Sanskrit and Comparative Philology. (34 stu- 

Classes meet in Room 19, McCoy Hall. 

Vedic Seminary: [The Alharm-Veda) : Professor Bloomfield. 
Wednesday, 4-5.30 p. m. (5). 

Boiling. Kingsbury. Ness. Sutphen. 

Green, E. L. 

Language and Literature of the Avesta : Professor Bloom- 
field. Wednesday, 11 a. in. (1). 

Elementary Sanskrit : [Whiinafs Grammar; Lawman's Reader): 
Professor Bloomfield. Tuesday, 4 p. m., Thursday, 12 in. (8). 
Basore. Foushee. Kirn. Sanders, H. N. 

Blake. Hamilton. .MiMvn. Savage. 

Readings from the Hitopadeca and Mann : Mr. Ness. 

Tuesday, 3 p. in. (1). 

Comparative. Philology : [Lectures) : Professor Bloomfield. 

Monday, 4 p. m. (23). 

Basore. Heald. Milden. Sommerville. 





! .ill -her 


K")'ins<>n, * . A. 

Stea i n ■. 

< tardner. 


Sanders, H. N. 

[ h-iii 



Williams, T. D 



Comparative Grammar of Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit : 
Professor Bloomfield. Thursday, 1 p. m. (18). 

Gill. Maguire. 

Blake. Green, E. I.. Milden. Sanders, n v 

Montgon Savage. 



Oriental Seminary. (26 Students). 

i la i meet in tin- Dillmann Library, I y Hall. 

Old Testament Literature; / res): Dr. John-ion. Thurs- 
day, 5 p. in. 
Browne, B. I'.. Grimm. Lee. -sat. 

i ii. II. Motley. 

i lallahan, .1. M. Kay. mwalt. 

Cantey. I Thorn. 

Elementary Hebrew: Professor Hahpt. Wednesday, 3-0 p. m. 


Blake. Knipp. irdy. merville. 

i Mi i omas. 

"Hebrews [Second 1 ■ ' ( ory Reading of the Books of 

i. |ir. Jin- i i.. Thursday, 11 a. in. (3). 
Grimm. I. ami. i alt. 

Hebrew Exercises : [Historical Books) : Dr. Johnston. 'II 
9 a. in. (3). 
i.i i in in Land. Sumwalt. 

Hebrew I'rtisi- Composition : Trail from English into He- 

breu I : Professor Hatjpt. M id. (4). 

Grimm. Sommei Sumwalt. 

Comparative Hebrew Grammar: Professor Hatjpt. Tuesday, 
4 p.m. (8). 

i aid .' ell ■ nau. ..Tvillc. 

Guttmaeher. I. ami. Schanfarber. mwalt 

Messianic Psalms : Professor Hatjpt. Tuesday, 5 p. m. (8). 

nau. imerviile. 

Guttmaeher. Land. nfarber. '.alt. 

Post-Biblical Hebrew : Abodah Zara, ed. Strack) : Mr. Rosenac. 

Wednesday, 2 p. in. (2). 
Grimm. I. ami. 

Biblical Aramaic : Professor Hatjpt. Tuesday, 3 p. m. (8). 
Caldwell. Grimm. i nau. Sommerville. 

Guttmaeher. Land. Schanfarber. Sumwalt. 

Syriac: [Rodiger's Chrestomathy) : Dr. Johnston. Friday, 9-11 a.m. 
Grimm. Land. McComas. 

Ethiopic : (The Book of Buruch) : Professor Hatjpt. Monday, 5 p. m. 


Guttmaeher. Land. Rosenau. Schanfarber. 


Elementary Arabic: (Socin's Grammar): Dr. Johnston. Tues- 
day, 9 a. in. (5). 

Blake. Grimm. McComas. Sumwalt. 


Arabic Prose Composition : ( Translation from English into Arabic): 
Professor Haupt. Monday, 3.30 p. m. (6). 
Grimm. Land. Schanfarber. Sumwalt. 

Guttmaeher. Rosenau. 

Assyrian Historical Texts: [Manner's Chrestomathy): Dr. John- 
ston. Tuesday, 10-12. (3). 
Grimm. Land. Rosenau. 

Bumerian: Professor Hatjpt. Monday, 4 p. m. (6). 

Grimm. Land. sdianfarber. 

Guttmaeher. Uoseuau. 

German. (122 Students). 

Classes meet in McCoy Hall. 

(Advanced Com 
German Seminary : It Wood. Tuesday, 

Wednesday, Thursday, 9 a. in., Koom 4. 

Barr. ' '■■ "■ Hofmann, J. 

Becker, n. Prettyman. 

Briggs.W. D. Griffin Kurrelmeyer.W. Wharey. 

Germanic Society: Professor Wood. Fortnightly, Friday. 8 p. m., 
Room 4. (21). 
Arm. Ul. Edgar.] 


Becker. Iwin. 

Br.nvn, i,. Ii. Griffin, N. E. 

Brush. Hofmann, J. 


Jones, T. M. 

Krapp. Prettyman. 

Kurrelmeyer, W. Wilkens. 

McBryde, J. M. Woods, C. F. 



[No. 129. 

Gothic: Professor Wood. Tuesday and Thursday, 10 a. m., Room 4. (9). 



Old Norse: Professor Wood. 

3. (4). 
Arnold. Barr. 

Old High German : Dr. Vo 
Arnold. Hot'mann, J. 

Griffin, N. E. Huguenln. 

Wednesday, 10 a. m., Friday, 9 a. 
Campbell. Prettyman. 

s. Monday, 9 a. m., Room 6. (7). 
Kurrelmeyer, W. Pretty man. 

Old Saxon 


Or. Vos. Wednesday, 12 m., Room 12. (6). 

Huguenin. Ness. Prettyman. 

Kurrelmeyer, W. 

" Das Junge DeutscMand . 

12. (2). 

Jones, T. U. Prettyman. 

Dr. Baker. Friday, 12 m , Boom 

[Major Course.) 

Goethe, Fa Wood. Monday and Friday. Scherer, 

. Dr Vos Wednesday. Prose Com- 
position : Professor Wood and Dr. Baker. Thursday, 10 a. m., 
Koom6. (12). 

Ballard. Dieffenbaoh. Heald. r,F.O. 

Fosnocht. Jenkins. Parham, 

Davidson. Graham. Kurrelmeyer, H. Spi 

( Minor Course A.) 
Prose. Composition : Professor Wood. Monday. Prose Head- 
ings: Dr. Vos. Tuesday, ('lassies: Dr. Vos. Thursday and 
Friday, 11 a. in , Room 11. (31). 

Armstrong, W. B. F. i luggenheimer, C. U. Krebs. 

Chan: llanna. i i aby. Remsen, C. M. 

Haskell. Lucke. Bobinson, G. C. 

Duffy. Hodges, C. S. mas. Slemons. 

Homer. Talty. 

: less. T. I>. Mullen. Tavean. 

Gemmill. Joyner. Palmer, E. L. Thomas, E. H. 

!:. II. Palmer, J. H. 

(Minor Course B.) 
Goethe, /■'•. and Friday, von JHoser, Der Bibliothekar. 

Thursday, 11 a. in., Room 8. Dr. 

Monday. Prose Composition . 

Hla.kman. Harry, P. W. 

.lone-, K. II. 
baum. Knapp. 


Miller. U. D. 


Smith, V. E. 
Williams, C. B. 

Elementary German : ( Thomas's I' acti al Gi mum ( Iramvuu ; Buch- 
heim's Germ, 1 1) : Mr. Prettyman. Tuesday, Wednes- 

day, Friday, 1 p. in., Room 6. (5). 

Moore, i'. I.. Stephens, C. G. Verplanck. 


German Conversation 
6. (7). 


Cook, II. W. 

Dr. HOFMANN. Monday,.") p.m., Room 
Jones, T. M. Wliarey. 

(Elective Course.) 
Contemporary Idterature, in Rapid Readings: (Ebner- 

Eschenbach, Milerlebtes; Sudermann, /' '/|: Dr. 

i.. Monday, 9 a. m., Tuesday, 10 a. m., Room 8. (II). 
Adams, II. II. Pohme. ope. lerhill. 

enheimer, C. S. Sioussat. Garfield, 

man, ELM. Slemons. Wilson, H. M. 

Levy, W. S. 

(Special Cotirse.) 
Historical German : Dr. Vos. Wednesday and Friday, 5 i>. m., 
Room 8. (6). 

Parham. Ward. 

' in, .'. M. Kern. 

Scientific German: (von Belmholtz, Uber Goethe's naturwissen- 
Monday and Thursday, 5 p. in., 

trong,J. B. C. G Leary. Shuter. 

Idren, Slemo 

Maminaii. Myers. Wallis. 

man. Hancock. Reese, II. M. Winne. 

Oral Exercises : Dr. HoFMANN. Tuesday, 5 p. in., Room 6. (12). 
han, .1. M. Greenbaum. T. M. 

Died. Heald. Wilson, II. l„ 

i,.I. S. Jones, A. D. niville. Young. 

English. (121 Students). 

: in Mc( toy Ball. 

English Seminary : Middle English Literature): 

Professor Bright. Tuesday and Thursday, 3-5 p. in., Room 4. (18). 
Arnold. Huguenin. Prettyman. 

Kan. Campbell. Krapp. Thom. 

Mel'.ryde. J. M. V.. 

W. D. 1 nr-t. Parham. Wharey. 

a, G. D. Griffin, N. E. 

History of English Sounds and Inflections: (Lectures) : Pro- 
fessor Bright. Wednesday, 4 p. m., Room 12. (16). 

Arnold. BrOWn, (.. D. Furst. 

Barr. Griffin.N.l 

Becker. Campbell. 



Mel'.rvde, J. M. 


Interpretation of Texts: (The Anglo-Saxon Guthlae): Professor 
BRIGHT. Tuesday and Thin- lav, 12 in., Room 12. (17). 
Arnold. Butler, Griffin, N. F. Pa rham . 

Barr. Campbell, B lenin. tyman. 

, w. 1 1. McBryde, J. M. Wharey. 

i , G. D. 

Journal Club. Alternate Fridays, 8-10 p. in., Room 12. Professor 

Bright. (19). 

Briggs, W. D. 
Brown, G. D. 


Griffin, X 



West, H. 

Anglo-Saxon : ( Major Course) : Professor Bright. Monday and 
Wednesday, 1- in., Room 8. (o). 

Blake. Parham. Thom. 

The " Classical" School of the 18th Century: Professor 
Browne. Wednesday, 11 a. m., Room 8. (15). 

Becker. Edgar. Huguenin. Prettyman. 

r„.]s,r Furst. Krapp. Thom. 

Briggs W. D. Griffin, N. E, Parham. Wharey. 

Briggs \ 

, J. 


English Literature : (Major Course) : Professor Browne. Tuesday 
and Friday, 12 m., Room 8. (7). 

Belser. CaUaghan.J. Hines. Thom. 

Blake. Heald. Stearns. 

English Literature : (Minor Course) : Professor Browne. Daily, 
except Friday, 1 p. m., Room G. (8). 

Browne, B. B. Fosnocht. Harwood, L. Kaufman, H. M. 

Davidson. Frank. Uoggard. Kurrelmeyer, II. 

History and Theory of Rhetoric: Professor Greene. Fri- 
day, 12 m., Room 9. (4). 
Barr. Furst. Griffin, X. E. Krapp. 

English Literature: (Undergraduate Elective): Professor Greene. 

Thursday, 12 in., Friday, 1 |>. in., Room 9. (rj). 

Hines. Lyon, C. E. Steinfeld. Winne. 

Knipp. Slemons. 

9 a. m., Tues- 

Robinson, E. A. 
Smith, F. W. 
Smith, R. M. 
Smith. V I 
Stewart, " r . P. 

English Literature: Professor Greene. Monday, 
day, 10 a. in., Wednesday, 11 a. in., Room 11. (43). 

Armstrong, J. B I Fergu Kennard. 

Ballard, Z. M. i , J. S. Lehr. 

Hosier. Fitzgerald. Levering. 

Beeuo, R. 11. Fowler. I.neke. 

Brent. I'i.o i is. Mcintosh. 

Carroll. Hammond. Miller, R. D. 

.. i ,. M. o id, 8. P. rainier, E. L. 

Iluiiet. Hirshberg. Palmer, J. II. 
rook. It. W. Hod jes, C, S. 

Dieffi abach. E£u r. Pyle. 

Dully. Jones, E. H. Bcnouf, V. A. 

Rhetoric and English Composition : Professor Greene. Mon- 
day, Tuesday, Wednesday, 12 m., Room 11. (46). 

Armstrong, W. E. F. Greenbaum. Keidel.A. Muller. 

B. li. King, J. It. Murkland. 

Bruce. Guggenneimer, C M. Kleinsohmidt. Remsen, C.H. 

David Knapp. Reymann. 

i, Harry, P u . Krager. Robinson, G. C. 

Haskell. Krebs. Smull. 

I I. Ilaillelilieek. K II 11 el .never, 1 1. S]nlman. 

Boggard. Leienby. Tally. 

I rani Homer. i i hi Tavean.' 

French , T. D. Mors at. Thomas. P.. II. 

, , .„|, Mullen. Werber. 
Geuimill. Kalb, J. A. 

A.pril, 1897.] 

USIVEHSITY rilicri. I US. 


A mist i 

Romance Languages. (i04Studeni 

eel hi Md toy I [all. 

i [drancid ( 'musr.) 
Romance Seminary: Professor Elliott. Tuesday, 11 a. m. to 1 
p. in , Room '-'. i i 

1 , P. J. 

Frein, I . !■ 

French Dialects: Professor Elliott. M inday, 11 a.m., Room 2. 


Baxter. Clark, C. C Hold Thieme. 

Brush. P i Nitze. 

Old French Philology: Dr. Menqer. Wednesday, 10 a. m., 
Thursday and Friday, 11 a. ni. (10). 
Clark, ii ! i ■ "'inn. Shaw, 

n lmeyer,W. Post 1 hicme, 

ii mann, J. NItze. 

(>/</ French Readings: Dr. De Mais, Monday and Wednesday, 
:i p. in., Room •_'. (8). 

p, w. Ii. Edgai Hugnenln. P 

Clark, CL C inn, J. I u relmeyer.W. Shaw. 

Origins of French Z/yrie Poetry: 1 >r. 1'. M. Warren. Mon- 
day, '- 1 a. in., Tuesday and Wednesday, 11 a. m., Thursday and Friday, 
Id' :i. in., Room 'J. (During February.) (10). 

Armstrong, E.C. CI Nitze. Shaw, 

Frein, F. P. Ogdi •< Thieme, 

Brush. I rein, P. .1. 

French Drama: Dr. F. M. Warren. Monday, Wednesday, Friday, 
5 p. in., Tuesday, 12 m. (During February.) (10). 

I i . Clark, C. C. Sbaw. 

i . i :. , F. P. Ogdi n. Thieme. 

Brush. Frein, P.J. 

Carol hit/ i an Epic: Dr. Kkipi l Thursday, 3 p. m., Room 2. (13). 
Armstrong, E. C Frein, F. P. Kurrelmeyer.W. Posl 

Baxter. Frein, P. J. Nitze. Shaw. 

Brush. Hofmann, J. Ogden. Thieme. 

Chirk, C. C. 

French Poetry : Mr. Thieme. Thursday, 4 p. in., Room 2. (8). 
Baxter. Brush. Hofmann, .1. Post 

BrownelJ, 6. G. Clark, C. C. Kurrelmeyer.W. Shaw. 

Provencal: Dr. De Ha an. Friday, 11a. m., Room 2. (4). 
Brush. Nitze. Ogden. 

Popular Latin : Professor Elliott. Monday, 12 m., Room 2. (8). 
Brush. Frein, p. J. Ogden. 

(.'lurk, C. C. Holden. 



Dante: Professor Elliott. Wednesday, 12 m., Room 2. (5). 

Brush. Ogden. Post. Shaw. 

Clark, c.c, 

Italian Philology : Dr. Menger. Thursday and Friday, 10 a. m.. 
Room 2. (5). 

Armstrong, E. C. Frein, P. J. Post. Shaw. 

Clark, C. C, 

Old Italian Readings: Dr. Menger. Thursday, 9 a. m., Room 
2. (9). 

Armstrong, EC. Clark, C. C Nitze. Pi 

Baxter. Frein, P. J. Ogden. Shaw. 


Origins of Italian Prose: Dr. Menger. Thursday, 12 in., Room 
2. (8). 

Baxter. Clark, C. C. Nitze. Post. 

Brush. Frein, P. J. Ogden. Shaw. 

Cervantes : Dr. De Haan. Thursday, 10 a. m., Room 2. (6'). 
Armstrong, E. C. Brownell, G. G. Nitze. Thieme. 

Baxter. Brush. 

Spanish Novel of the Nineteenth Century: Dr. De Haan. 

Monday, 10 a. in., Room 2. (7). 
Armstrong, E. C. Brownell.G.G. Frein, P. J. Thieme. 

Baxter, Brush. Ogden. 

Spanish Seminary : Dr. Mardi n. Monday, 9 a. m., Room 2. (3). 
Brownell, G. G. Frein, F. P. Thieme. 

Old Spanish Readings: Dr. M ardex. Friday, 10 a. m 


Brownell, G. G. Frein, F. P. I 

Spanish Philology: Dr.MARDEN. Monday, 10 a. m., Room 2. (1). 

Holdi ii. 
Romance Club: Professor Elliott. Wednesday, II a. m. (13). 

Armstrong, EC. Bi Frein, P. J. Posl 

Baxter. Chirk, i i Nitze. Shaw. 

Bonnotte. Frein, F. P. Ogden. Thieme. 

:,G. G. 

Phonetics and French Pronunciation 

i Monday, 9 a. m., Room 7. (7). 

i • Krapp. Parhaui. 

Iwln. .. D. 

i / ndt rgraduati ( bu 

Italian: " ( Dr. Rambeau. Daily, except Monday, '■> 

a „i , i: 

ii. W. Wan 


Spanish: W I Dr. De Haan. Daily, except Monday, 9 

Brow ni 

Kail., ' rhill. 

Spanish : ' I 10 a. m., 

i lay, 1 p. m., Room 6, 
Clark ■ i Frein, P. .1. 

French 1 1 Dr. 

a. m., 1 

Browne, B B. oard. Parhaui. 

Io II \. Ii. 

French: (Minm Course A): Dr. Rambeau. Daily, except Thursday, 
12 in , Room 7 (30 

Bout hi lie ii i . J. S. 


u, W. I.. 
i larke, G. M. Hirshl V. A. 

Denmead Jungblul 

,l>:irh. illltll, M. I 

I VI. 


French : (M I B) : Dr. Marden. Daily, except Thursday, 

12 in., Room 6. (27). 

Alleman. Fowler. Keidi I I F. W. 

Bartell. ' dner. Knipp. Smith, R. M. 

Ghio. Mcintosh. 

Grave. 1 1 ugh. 

i dlahan.J. M. Hamman. W. P. 

Ewing.J.K. Harwood,S.P O'Harra. Willi;. 

Ferguson. Jones, R. 11. Schunck. 

French: (Undert/ra : I t. De Haan. Monday, 4.30 

p. in., Thursday, 12 m., Room 8. (4). 
Cook, H. W. Hammond. Radeliffe. 1 ridge. 

French Elements: Dr. Mabden. Tuesday, Wednesday, and Fri- 
day, 9 a. m.. Room 10. (1). 

Kaufman, II. 

French Conversation: Dr. Bonnotte. 
Section A: Wednesday, 1 p. in., Room 2. (11). 
Cook, H. W. Hammond. I'lnian. 

Guggenheimer, C. M. II Fuderhill. 

Hamilton. v. A. rville. 

Section B: Wednesday, ■"> p. m., Room. 2. (6). 
Blake. Kurrelmeyer.W. Wooldri Young. 

Clark, C. C. 

History, Economics, and Politics, (uosi 

Classes meet in McCoy Hall. 

Historical Seminary : Professor Adams. Alternate Fridays, 
8-10 p. in , Room 25. (20). 

Adam-. I - Smith, F- A. 


i Rutter. irrville. 

i , Lee, kebier. Thoiu. 

Ewing, J. R. Ward. 

Institutional History: Professor Idams. Wednesday and Thurs- 
day, 11 a m. Ri inn 24. | 15). 
Brough, Kave. 

d, J. M. 

Ewing, J, R. 

Educational Conference: Pi r Adams. Friday, 11 a. m., 

1' im 24 (Is). 

in, .1. M. Kennedy. 

Ewing, .1. R. 


Smith. E. A. 





.■ ■ 




Smith, E. A. 




[No. 129. 

History of Civilization: Professor Adams. Monday and I 
11 a. mi., Room 24. 





MUler, F. 0. 


Ilobinson, E. 







Historical Conference: Dr. Vincent. Wednesday, l2m.,Room 
Kaye. kebier. Snavely. Thom. 


Reformation : Dr. Vincent. Tuesday and Thursday, 10 a. m., Room 

23. (15). 

Callahan, J. M. Kei Schmeckebier. Sumwalt. 

, J. I;. Motley. Snavely. Ward. 

Kaye. Schl" Sommerville. 

European History: Dr. Vincent. Thursday and Friday, 11 a.m., 
Room 23. (21). 

,1111. Kennard. Seth 

Hammond. Mcintosh. Stanley. 

Buhner. Miller, F. 0. Stearns. 

i w. Stewart, W. P. 

Keidel, A, Robinson, E. A. Ulman. 


mediaeval and Modern History: Dr.ViNCENT. 

Wednesday, l 11 a, m., Room 24. (23). 

Monday and 

Adams, H. H. 
Armstrong, J. R. C. 

Jones, i:. n. 


I'almcr, J. H. 

Smith, V. E. 

i i derhill. 

Greek and Roman History: Dr.BALLAGH. Daily, except Tues- 

day, 10 a. m., Room 20. (23). 

:; n. ; i in ill. Joyner. 

B. II. Jungblutb, K. 

Downcs. heimer,C.M. Kleinschniidt. 

Eooks. iond. Knapp. 





Economic Seminary: I>r. Sherwood. Alternate Fridays, 8-10 
p. in., Room 23. (16). 

(all:, ha 



Smith, E. A. 


Transportation: I >r. Sherwood. Thursday and Friday, 9 a. m., 

Room 24. (13). 

Adams, T. S. Motley. Rutter. Snavely. 

Brough. Ncill. Schmeckebier. Sonimerville. 

Beizenstein. Smith, E. A. Ward. 

American Economics : Dr. Sherwood. Friday, 3-5 ]>. m., 
Room 21. 

Adams, T. S. Rutter. Smith, E. A. 


Economic Thought before Adam Smith: Dr. Hollander. 
I nesday and Wednesday, 9 a. m., Room 24. (12). 
. T, S. Ncill. Schloi 

Schmeckebier. Sniiiinerville. 

Rutter. Smith, E. A. Thom. 

Recent Economic Theories: (Undergra ): Dr. 

3hj ct i. Thursday, 12 m., Friday, 1 p. m., Room 21 

i 1 1 Li hi Kalb, ( '. W. Stanley. 

Elements <>f Economics : 

in a. in.. Roi in 21. (37). 

. .). R. i '. 


Jungbluth, M 




Tariff; Transportation : 
10 a. in., Room 19. (13). 
Brent. < ordi 

Clarke, G. M. 
Ewing> .1. K. 

b E. A. 


r. Hollander. Thursday and Frida 

Smith, V. i:. 

Palmer, E. L. 


rainier. J. 11. 

Stewart, w. r 


Stidman, \. 1 

Robinson , i L 

I Iman. 


i nderhill. 


\ erplanck. 



Wilson, ll. M 

Dr. Moore. Monday 

and Wednesda 


Stewart, W. 1 



Federal State in Theory and Practice: Dr. WnXOUGHBT. 
Wednesday and Friday, 10 a. m., Room 20. (14). 

Adam-.. T. S. ' ' ■kebier. 

Callahan, J. M. Ki issat 

W. H. Ki E. A. 

American Political and Constitutional History. 

Steeseb. Wednesday and Friday, 12 m., Room 24. (14). 
Jump. 'line. 

I ..-al. 

Barwood, I.. Nelson. Thomson. 

nkins. Nyce. 

English Constitutional Law and History : Mr. Lee. Mon- 
day and Tuesday, 12 m., Room 20. (21). 

"d, L. 
Butler. .lei. kins. 

Callahan, J. M. Jones, A. D. 

I liurrli, W. II. .Tiiiiip. 

Gately. Kennedy. 

Guggeuheimcr, i '. S. 

Municipal Sociology : Dr.GouLD. (Six lectures.) Friday, 4 p. m., 
Donovan Room ( 10 students and about 60 hearers); Saturday, 9 a. m., 
Room24. (10). 
Adams, T. S. Lee. ekebier. Sommerville. 

Brough. Ie i/enstein. Smith, E. A. Thom. 


Laiv of Personal Property: Professor Si kotjler. (Twenty-five 
lectures.) Daily, except Friday, 4 p.m., Donovan Room. (7 Btudents 
and a number of hearers). 

Adams, T. s. Swing, Sikes. 'i*>at. 

I i Schmeckebier. 

Science of Government : Professor Woodrow Wilson. (Twenty- 
five lectures.) Daily, 5 p. m., Donovan Room. (21 students and about 



Walker, M. B. 

Walker. M. B. 
Ward, 6. W. 
Wilson, II. M. 







Brown, G. D. 

Kurrelniever, H. 



Callahan, J. M. 






Smith, E. A. 



Philosophy. (44 Students). 

Classes meet in Room 12, McCoy Hall. 

History of Philosophy : Professor Griffin. Friday, 4 p. bo. (10). 
Adams, T. S. Grimm. Motley. Sommerville. 

Cantey. 1 1 i maun, J. Schmeckebier. Wilhelm. 

Harry, S. C. McCurdy. 

Deductive and Inductive Logic: until December 24; Psy- 
chology: December 24 to April 1; Ethics: after April i: Pro- 

fessor GRIFFIN. Daily, 1 1 

Philosophy: Tuesday, 10 a. n 

Adams, H. H. Hi 

Baetjer. Jenkins. 

Belknap. Kaufman, II. M. 

Blake. Knipp. 

Edmunds. Leary. 

Gardner. Levy. 

Guggenheinier, C. S. Longcope. 

Hancock. Lyon, C E. 

Harwood, L. McCurdy. 

Outlines of the History of 


Reese, H. M. 


Drawing. (76 Students). 

Classes meet in the front building, Rooms 9 and 

Freehand Drawing : 

2-5 p. m. (40). 
Armstrong, W 

Mr. Whitemant. Tuesday 



1 lenniead. 

Ford.C. !". 


i laddess. 

M R. II. Kleinsclimidt 

In inter, 0. M. Knapp. 

Harry, P. W. 

Jones, T. D. 

Kaufman, II. 

Kit J II. 



Kurrelmcyer, H. 

Lazenby. ' 


Miller, R. D. 










Williams, T. D. 

Wilson, II. M. 

Will lie. 


and Thursday, 

Smith, V. E. 
Smith, W. L. 

Stephen , r . I,. 



i homas, It. II. 



Special Instruction 

2-5 p. mi. (4). 
Bogue, R. H. Hoggard. 

Mechanical "Drawing: M 

p. in. (16). 

Mien. w. H. ■■■ ley. 

Armstron ,.i R, ' Bowman, 


i:. , uwkes. 
Special Instruction : Mr. Geek 
Bagg. King.F.P. 

Mr. Whiteman. Tuesday and Thursd 

M. ii ire, C. L. 

Geer. Monday anc 

< lorsuch. 
Hodges, w. L. 
Ki [del, F. B. 

Wednesday, 2-5 

I Tuesday, 2-5 




p.,,.. (7). 

April, L897.] 













r— I 



















If .S 

•Si I 



Fuchsian Functions. (Craig.) 

Minor. (Renouf. Randall ft Gil- 
pin ) 

dstry. (Reunion.) 
Chomiltry : Major. (MorseA Randall.) 

Italian: Minor. (Rambeau.) 

F.lectricitv. (Dm, 


■■ (Sherwood.) 

Spanish : Minor. (DeUaan.) 
Svriuc. (Johnston.) 

I in. (Maiden.) 

Minor. (Ames.) 
Gonoral Biology. (Andrews.) 
Substitutions. (Hulburt.) 

Plnutu's and Terence. (Wilson.) 


Ancient History. (Ballagh.) 
Italian Phil 

' . :en.) 
.ml Greek Comp. (Miller.) 
Federal State, i Willoughby.) 

1 lander.) 

Syriac. (Johnston.) 


Physics Major. (Ames.) 

French: Minor. (Rambeau.) 

American Hi 



- til.) 



- 1 c4 





3 a '£ g i c~ -i | ' 

ID So a 3« -US 5 a Om3 o 

Kreek Syntax. (Gildorsloovo.) 

Elect. leiti and Magnetism. (Rowland.) 

Physios: Minor, i 1 

General Biology. (Andrews.) 
Substitutions. '(Hulburt) 
Geodesic Lines, etc (Craig.) 
Zoology: Adv. (Brooks.) 
Plantus and (Wilson.) 

German: Major. (Wood & Baker.) 
French: Major. (Kambeau.) 
Ancient History. (Ballagh.) 

Italian Philology. (M 

Gothio. iw i ) 

Herodotus ami Greek Comp.. 1 Miller.) 

9. (De llaan . 
Elements ol E i II llauder.) 
Relormnlion. (Vincent.) 

German: Minor. (Vos.) 

Institutional History (Adams.) 
Roman Hexameter. (Smith. I 

Electrical (Is illations ( AuicS.) 

European Hi 

Ovid and Vergil. (Wilson.) 

Hebrew. (Johnston.) 

ks ) 

Pnlncoutolngy. (Clark.) 

C'2 j 


£z -J 



= 2 



Fnchsian Functions. (Craig.) 
Chcni.: Minor. (Renouf. liandall & Gil- 
llreatiic Clieinistn . ( Heinsen.) 
Clieinistrv Mii|"i ( Morse A: Randall. J 
II... ...-.- (Wilson.) 

German Sei try. (Wood.) 

Italian Minor. (Hambeau.) 
Anal. Oeom, : A,U (Cohen ) 
Electrical Sen,, (Duncan. II 
Biology: Major. (Drover.) 

Spanish: Minor. (Dellaan.) 
French: Elem. (Mardeu.) 

~A ^ ? E - 

tury Literature. (Browne.) 

Institutions'! History. (Adams.) 
Lucaii. (Smith.) 

, and Etliios (Griffin.) 

l'livsies' Jour.Meet.. ( Howlandi Ames.) 
, Humphroy. i 
Anal. Geometrj . Elem. (Cohen.) 

Romance Club, (Elliott ) 

Steam Engiiioenn„ 

English Literature, i ' ■ 

Palaeontology. (Clark.) 

Phyaios: Major. (Ames.) 
Greek: Major. (Spieker.) 

1 icncli .Minor. 1 Kambeau. ) 
in ;l Sascon. 1 Bright.) 

American History. ( Sterner.) 


H, ■■ i, 


...crll. (Marden.) 
II, , i i Vincent.) 

OldSej 1 

•Hie,.,., ,,( 1 (I'oor.) 

Latin Jo, iiiialClub. (Smith. ) (Altcr- 
nale W, In 


(, ■ ■ ;, Minor (S] 
Elementary German ( i'r.-'r . 


: Eanpt.) 






a 3 3 

So :^-;- ; --:;i'< 

Greek Rhetoric. (Gild, rsleeve.) 
Eleotrioitj indMagnetlsm. (Rowland.) 

Differential Equa. i nullum, i 

i Craig.) 
Zoology; (Brooks.) 

uietry : Elem. (Cohen.) 
German Headings. (Uaker.) 

English Literature. (Greene.) 

Gothic. (Wood 1 
Assyrian Texts. (Johnston.) 
Spanish: Elective. (De Haau.) 
Union ol Philosophy. (Griffin.) 
Hclorniatioii. (Vincent.) 
Petrography. (Mailiews.) 

(.. ini.,.1 Mm ir V - 
■n. (Adams.) 

Lam, Seminary. (Smith.) 

ami Ethics. (Griffin.) 
HinorB. (Baker.) 
Theory Ol Enactions. (Cl.cssiu.) 

• iiiston) 

.Mechanical Drawing. 



Zoology: Elective. (Ain'c 

Blhlioal Aramaic. (Haupt.) 



Structural G.ologv. (Willis ) 




Partial Dilforcntial Equations. (Craig.) 
Analytical Chemistry. (Morse.) 

Old High German. (Vos.) 

Anal. Geometri Klcm. (Cohen.) 
Electricity. (Duncan.) 

Physiological Seminary. (Howell.) 
English Literature. (Greene.) 
Gorman Readings. (Baker.) 

Spanish Seminary I Marden.) 

j}? jfsjiil ill? 

o 5 J J 7 

' i'l ■ • rj 

» § s -a § w 

Physics: Major. 1 

■ " ijor ( Spioker.) 
French : Minor. | Hambeau.) 

i.i -lit. i 

English Coii^tituti.-n. (Lee.) 


k, Iti'iil. Mathews.) 

Popular Latin (Elliott.) 

Theo-etlcal Meohauics fCli 
French Minor B. (Marden.) 

Thysical Chemistry. (H.C. Jonoe.) 

■ . rilulburt.) 

M aor. i Browne.) 
Greek M 

1 , ipt.) 
1 ( u ™ r -' 


Map Dra« , . 

1 ihon.) 
i. ) (1.30) 




i— i 

*5 r— j . '^ 


TO ^ «0 



[No. 129. 


The Street Railway System in Philadelphia. 
By Frederic W. Speirs, Ph. I>., 

Professor in lit , Philadelphia. 

{Inlhe Johns II B tortcal and Political Science, 1897.) 

This work narm' ler which the railways of Philadelphia (the 

must I'M' I 

through which the lines bavi Lescribes the financial 

Dl of tin- railways, ami analyzes their purchase rations. It 

explains tie of special taxation imposed upon thecoxnps 

the nature and scope of public control, etc. 
123 pp. octavo. Price l.'ii, bound in cloth. 

Contemporary American Opinion of the French 

1!y CHARLES DOWNER Bazen, Ph.D., Professor of History, Smith. College. 

y attempts to stud; and depict tin icrence to a 

i y followed with th i ■ interest an it rest iho\i o in a 

a multitude of ways: by tic politics of the country, which were : 

Anglican for a num Jefferson, 

the literary productions "i the period, whose themes ami 

;i ; by the utterances of the 

pulpit, which res an edwith ; by the plays on the stage, which quickly 

caught up be new ebrations in 

honor of the military victories of the Preuch Republic; by conscious ami widespread 

It is these varied man publi and the reasons fur them, that the 

author attet study of the 

memoirs, travels, literature, ami social life hi' tim time an opinion to some extent eva- 
inl durable influence also, fur it deepened the lines 
of party division, greatly em rising Republicans in their way of thinking, 

and confirming the Federalists forever in theirs. 

Part I: Opinion of Americans Abroad. 

France: Th impressions, A Journey through France, The Passing 

of the Notables, The Interlude, The States-General. 

1 '' irri Political freed, France in the 

Spring of 1789, The I mil;. Its I baracter, The Constituent Assembly— 

."I bnvention. 

Janus .1 

ii : Opinion op Americans at Homp. 
First Movements of Public Opinion, An Extraordinary Year— 1793, Democratic Socie- 
ties, Levelling Princi] Con tporary Literature, Sundry Side-Lights, 
■ and its r.casous, Conclusion. 
280 pp. 8vo., cloth.— S2.00. 

The Journal of Experimental Medicine. 

The May (Vol. II, N'n 3) number of this Journal is now ready. 

The contents of Volume Two as far as published arc as follows: — 

I Of Other Structures iii the:,] 
as Revealed by a Modification of Ehrii > Method of " Vital Staining" with 
Plate I. 
.'i.ii. B. and Kennedy, H. On the Relation of the Volume of the Coronary 
Circulation to the Frequency and Force of the Ventricular Contraction in thi 
Heart of the Cat. 
Mayhew, David P. On the 'lime of Reflex Winking. Plates iv-vm. 

' and Bali a, L W. An Experimental tnvt iti ation ol some of the Con- 
n and Composition of Human Bile. Hate i\. 
' '" Bile .' i i Lj uiph. 
'. ime, Willard ' . from White Fibro 

: Wit. S. a Research upon Ana 

■ i m of the Inhibitor! erator Nerves 

Of ili>' Heart. 

i ranz. On the Active Principle of Rhus toxicodendron and Kims venenata 
Plate x. 

Flexnee, Simoi luced by Ricin and Abrin ] 

tions. I'lai. S t \IV. 

Woodward, George. Chemistry of Colostrum Milk: a Report of six cases. 

Eshneb, ih.i'ii- A. A Graphic 8tudy of Tremor. Plates XXlll-XXX. 

W. il. A Contribution to the Physiology of Sleep based upon Plethysmo- 
grapbii i : i iments. Plate XXXI. 

Volume Two will be issued bi-monthly and will contain over six hundred 
pages with numerous illustrations. 

Volume One (1896 i now complete. It includes 728 pages, large octavo, 
with 36 plates and 17 figures in the text. The price of this volume, bound 
in cloth, is placed at ten dollars. 

Dissertations for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. 

Saliai and Magnetization of Iron 

and Nick* 

KlNARD, J. P. A Study Of Wulfstan's Homilies : their style and sources. 
1 ii.ll. R. The Attitude of the Greek Tragedians toward Nature. 

The American Journal of Mathematics. 

The April number (Vol. XIX, No. 2), is now ready. It contains the 
following papers: — 

Emory McCuntock. On the Most Perfect Forms of .Magic Squares, with Methods for 
their Production. 
C. Chree. Isotropic Elastic Solids of nearly Spherical Form. 
W. F. Osgood. Non-Uniform Convergence and the Integration of Series Term by 

E. W. Davis. A Note on the Factors of Composition of a Group. 
I:. D. Bohannan. simple Proof of a Fundamental Theorem in the Theory of 

The American Chemical Journal. 

The April number (Vol. XIX, No. 4), is now ready. It contains:— 

Contributions from the Chemical Laboratory of the Case School of Applied Science : 
XXIII. On the Butanes and Octanes in American Petroleum. By Charles F. 

i:v and Edward J. Hcdson. 
Contributions from the < Ihemical Laboratory of Cornell University : 

Naphthalene letrabroiuide, CioHsBr^ ByW. R. Obndobfp and C. B. Moves. 
Contributions from the Chemical Laboratory of Harvard College : 
XOvTII. On Hydrocohaltocotialticyauic Acid and Its Salts. By C. Loring Jackson 


nd A. M. COMEY. 

Contributions from the Chemical Laboratory of the University of Illinois: 
Action of Mercaptidi n Quinones. By H. S. Grixdley and J. L. Samme 

Contributions from the Kent < Ihemical Laboratory of the University of Chicago : 
The Action of Sodium Ethylate on Amide Bromides. By S. E. Swartz. 

The Hydrolysis of Acid Amides. By Ira Rehsen. 



lames Joseph Sylvester, 1814-1897, ------ _-_-_25 

II. Newell Martin, -----________ 27 

Commemoration Day, --------_____ 27 

HeetingG of the Alumni, ----___-____ 2S 

Johns Hopkins University and the City of Baltimore, ------ 29 

■■Hi Medal, -----_---_-_ 30 

Proceedings of Societies, --_-________ 30 

Obituary, ------__-______ 30 

Lectures of Professor Brunetiere, __________ 31 

Enumeration of Classes: Second Half Year: Mathematics and Astronomy, Physics. :>2 
Chemistry, Geology, Biology, -----______33 

nil, -_____________84 

Sanskrit and Comparative Philoli ry, Orit oinary, German, - 35 

English, -----_--.______ 36 

1: :uie Languages, History, Economics and Politics, ------ 37 

Philosophy, I 'rawing, ---______-___ 33 

.1 Sours of Lectures, -----------39 

Herein 1 'l I 1 1| 1, at i' HIS -_-___-______ 40 

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